Transparency is one of the pillars when it comes to Scrum. Keeping the work open is one of the ways that everyone understands what is going on. The artifacts are kept open for all to see and understand what is in progress, what is pending, and what is completed. The team also holds the impediments transparent for anyone to see.
By keeping things transparent, everyone knows what is happening. Nobody withholds information in Scrum. Everything is transparent, including communications, so that everyone is on the same page.
Values are considered as a principle or standards in which something is built. You can change the building however you want, but you cannot change the foundation in which it is standing. Values are the same. If Scrum is the framework, then the values are its foundation.
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