Years & Movies: 1934

The best film of 1934, according to FilmGourmand, is the film "It happened one night" by Frank Capra.

This film was the first in the history of cinema to receive 5 Oscar awards in the most significant nominations: for Best Picture, for Best Director, for Best Actor in a Leading Role, for Best Actress in a Leading Role, for Best Writing, Adaptation. After this film, only two films managed to achieve the same success: “Flying Over the Cuckoo's Nest” by Milos Forman and “Silence of the Lambs” by Jonathan Demme.

The film received overwhelmingly positive reviews of film critics: according to the site Rotten Tomatoes 98% of reviews of professional film critics were positive. Although ... Roger Ebert called "It happened one night" a populist parable, though in a review of another film. Ebert did not award this film with a separate review or a single star.

A number of stars of the then American cinema, including Mirna Loy, rejected the offer of the leading female role in this film. Claudette Colbert agreed only on the terms of a doubled, compared with the usual, fee, which amounted to 50 thousand dollars. And her fee was perhaps the largest budget item in the picture, amounting to 325 thousand dollars.

Claudette Colbert herself, right after the end of the filming, told her friend: "I just finished the worst picture in the world." Maybe the usual female coquetry? And, even being nominated for an Oscar, she did not attend the ceremony, considering that Bette Davis is more worthy of this award for her role in the film "Of Human Bondage". Instead, she planned to take a cross-country railroad trip. After she was named the winner, studio chief Harry Cohn sent someone to "drag her off" the train, which had not yet left the station, and take her to the ceremony to pick up her Oscar. Which she tried to auction off in 1996. But she couldn’t, because nobody offered the same price as for the Oscar awarded to Clark Gable.

Clark Gable passed the Oscar, which he won as the Best Actor in a Leading Role in this film, to a child who admired him, telling him it was the winning of the statue that had mattered, not owning it. The child returned Oscar to the Gable family after the death of Clark. And the Gable family put the statuette at Christie's auction in 1996. It was bought by Stephen Spielberg for 607.5 thousand dollars and returned to the American Film Academy.

71% of IMDB and Kinopoisk users worldwide rated this film 8 or more. And financially, the film turned out to be very successful: the boxing office amounted to $ 2 million, i.e., more than 6 times exceeded the budget.

According to the totality of the achievements described above, the film "It happened one night", according to FilmGourmand, has a rating of 8.279 and takes 422nd Rank in the FilmGourmand's Golden Thousand. Thanks to these indicators, the film was recognized by FilmGourmand as the best film of 1934.

In addition to Frank Capra's "It Happened One Night", the following films were included in the list of the best films of the world cinema of 1934 according to FilmGourmand's version:

- L'Atalante, director Jean Vigo, France
- Пышка (Boule de suif), director Mikhail Romm, USSR
- The Thin Man, director W.S. Van Dyke, USA
- Chapayev, directors Georgi Vasilyev, Sergei Vasilyev, USSR
- The Gay Divorcee, director Mark Sandrich, USA
- Manhattan Melodrama, directors W.S. Van Dyke, George Cukor, USA
- Moscow Laughs, director Grigori Aleksandrov, USSR

10 most "cinegenic"*, in our opinion, events of 1934:

- "Long Knives Night" - in Germany, within 3 days, 1076 leaders of the so-called "assault detachments" were physically destroyed, who by force were clearing the way for Hitler to power in the previous decade. Shortly thereafter, in connection with the death of President Hindenburg, his powers were transferred to Hitler. Hitler was proclaimed "Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor of Germany." 90% of the German population supported this decision in a referendum. Immediately, the German armed forces took an oath of allegiance to Hitler personally. Just like Lukashenka is in Belarus today.

- The assassination of S.M. Kirov. In Leningrad, one of Stalin's closest associates, the 1st secretary of the Leningrad regional committee of the CPSU (b), Sergei Mironovich Kirov, was killed. The murder served as a pretext for unleashing massive repressions, or, as they say, the "Great Terror". More than half of participants of the 17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks which that took place in the same year, who proclaimed themselves the "Congress of Victors", were among the repressed.

- Coronation of Pu Yi In China. The last emperor Pu Yi was crowned as the emperor of the puppet Empire of Manchuria created by the Japanese in the occupied Manchuria under the name Kangde Emperor.

- Nepalese-Bihar earthquake. In Nepal, near the border with the Indian state of Bihar, an earthquake struck, claiming a total of about 12,000 lives and destroying 2 cities and many small settlements. Mahatma Gandhi called the earthquake "providential retribution for India's failure to eradicate untouchability."

- Murder of the King of Yugoslavia. In France, in the city of Marseille, the king of Yugoslavia Alexander and the French foreign minister Louis Bartou were killed.

- Polish-German Non-Aggression Pact. Poland and Germany signed a non-aggression pact for a period of 10 years.

- US law enforcement successes. US law enforcement has made significant progress in the fight against crime. In one year, John Dillinger, Bonnie Parker, Clyde Barrow, Harry Pierpont were eliminated.

- Natural disasters in Japan. Typhoon Murotu hit the Japanese city of Osaka first, killing more than 3 thousand people and injuring over 13 thousand. And soon a tornado killed 1,660 people in Osaka and Kyoto, injured about 5,500 and completely destroyed the rice crop.

- Italo-Ethiopian clashes. Italian troops in the area of Wal-Wal (Ethiopia) attacked the Ethiopian garrison guarding the British-Ethiopian demarcation commission. As a result of an armed clash on both sides, according to various sources, up to 200 people were killed.

- General strike in Spain. In Spain, the pro-communist parties organized a general strike. The government, using a foreign legion and Moroccan units, brutally suppressed workers' protests. About 1.5 thousand people were killed and about 3 thousand were wounded.

In addition, Sophia Loren, Shirley MacLaine, Natalya Fateeva, Tatyana Samoilova were born.

*-By "cinegenic" in the present context, we mean events that either have already been reflected in world cinema, or deserve to be the basis of the plot of a future film.