Years & Movies: 1952

The list of the best films of world cinema of 1952 is headed by the movie "Jeux interdits (Forbidden Games)" directed by René Clément.

The fate of this film is a real way per aspera ad astra.

In the late forties young French writer François Boyer has written the scenario and has offered it to some French film studios. They have rejected this scenario. Then François on the basis of the scenario has written a novel which has been published in 1947 under the name Secret games. In the early fifties the producer of a young French movie company Silver Films Robert Dorfmann has conceived to shoot a film, consisting of three short stories one of which would be Secret games. For an embodiment of this plan the director René Clément has been involved. He, in turn, has involved script writers Jean Aurenche and Pierre Bost who have made return operation on transformation of the Boyer’s novel into the scenario. By spring of 1951 shooting of this novel have been carried out, but the further work on the conceived film has stopped because of financial difficulties of the company. A year later, a movie company management, without having found necessary financing for shootings of other two parts of a film, but also wishing to keep already finished shooting material, has decided to make on its basis a feature film. But children grow quickly. Also change quickly. For example, the featured actress - Brigitte Fossey - who at the moment of shootings was 5 years old, for a year blurts out milk teeth. And the protagonist - Georges Poujouly – has cut his hair for other film. And landscapes in which shootings were conducted, have changed for one and a half year. More shortly, René Clément and his team had to use all skill that all these changes remained not noticed by the cinema-goers.

In the spring of 1952, the shooting of the film was completed, and an attempt was made to include it in the program of the Cannes Film Festival, which was supposed to begin on April 23 and the program of which was completely completed. After long and scandalous bickering, it was decided to organize for this film a special, not even non-competitive screening, which took place on the last day of the festival - May 9. As a result of the screening, the film was awarded the so-called "Independent Award", not stipulated by any regulations.

With the screening of the film in Cannes, its distribution in France began. Almost 5 million French moviegoers watched it over the year, 12% of the country's population. But by many French film critics, the film was received with hostility. Some accused the film of an unfair, distorted and even abusive depiction of French peasants. Others, representatives of clerical structures, accused the film of almost sacrilege. Even such an outstanding figure in French cinema as François Truffaut two years later ranked this film among openly anti-clerical. However, Truffaut at that moment was only 22 years old. Highly likely he couldn't understood much yet.

In August 1952, the film was presented at the Venice Film Festival. And again, not without scandal. Initially, the organizers of the film festival refused to include the film in the competition program, on the grounds that he allegedly already participated in the Cannes Film Festival. It is likely that these attempts at refusal were inspired by potential competitors, one of which was, for example, the film "Europe'51" by Roberto Rossellini. In the end, justice prevailed, and the film won the Golden Lion.

A year later, in 1953, the film received an honorary Oscar, and a year later, in 1954 - the British BAFTA and the Danish Bodil.

With regard to viewer ratings, 68% of IMDB and Kinopoisk users gave the film ratings of 8 or higher.

Based on the above indicators, according to the version of FilmGourmand, the rating of the film was 10,153 and it took 32nd Rank in the Golden Thousand.

In addition to Forbidden Games, the top ten films of 1952 according to FilmGourmand include the following films:
- Umberto D., by Vittorio De Sica, Italy. Movie's Rating - 8,460; 335th Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- Limelight, by Charles Chaplin, USA. Movie's Rating - 8,286; 415th Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- Ikiru 生きる (To Live), by Akira Kurosawa, Japan. Movie's Rating - 8,272; 426th Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- Singin' in the Rain, by Stanley Donen & Gene Kelly, USA. Movie's Rating - 8,256; 444th Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- High Noon, by Fred Zinnemann, USA. Movie's Rating - 8,172; 502nd Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- Saikaku ichidai onna 西鶴一代女 (The Life of Oharu), by Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan. Movie's Rating - 8,114; 575th Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- Le Petit monde de Don Camillo (The Little World of Don Camillo), by Julien Duvivier, Italy. Movie's Rating - 7,888; 863rd Rank in the Golden Thousand.
- The Bad and the Beautiful, by Vincente Minnelli, USA.
- Ревизор (The Inspector-General), by Vladimir Petrov, USSR.

Well, and as usual - a brief historical note on which historical and political background the world audience watched the above films:
- In UK, in connection with the death of King George VI, his daughter, Elizabeth II, ascended the throne.
- In Cuba, General Fulgencio Batista came to power in a coup d'état. The new Cuban government immediately broke off diplomatic relations with the USSR.
- An agreement was concluded between the United States and Japan, under which the Japanese government pledged to allocate $ 155 million annually for the maintenance of American troops in Japanese territory.
- In the USSR, the tsunami destroyed the city of Severo-Kurilsk. 2336 people died.
- In Argentina, Eva Peron, the wife of the president, died. A 30-day mourning was announced, a decision was made to create a monument, to include her book into the compulsory school curriculum, to rename the province of La Plata to Eva Peron.
- In the USSR, 13 members of the Jewish Antifascist Committee, artists and activists of culture, were shot away.
- The US made the first hydrogen bomb test on the Enewetock Atoll.
- In the US presidential elections, Dwight Eisenhower won.
- The VI Winter Olympics took place in Oslo (Norway) and XV Summer Olympics were held in Helsinki (Finland).
- Krystyna Janda was born.