Mushroom cultivation is a technical process. In the vegetable category, the mushroom is ranked with the heterotrophic organisms. In contrast to green plants, the mushroom is not capable of the photosynthesis process. In mushroom cultivation, waste products, which include horse manure, chicken manure, straw, gypsum, and wastewater, are used to cultivate high-quality mushrooms. Ammonia is removed with the help of ammonia washer from the process air.
Ammonia from the air is also used as a source of nitrogen in composting. Fungus, such as mycelium, uses the compost as a source of energy for its combustion, in which energy is released that is used for mushroom growth.
A mushroom is the fruiting body of a fungus .Mushrooms grow rapidly and "to mushroom" means "to expand fast".The words “fungi” and “mushrooms” are NOT interchangeable as a fungus (plural fungi) is made of two parts: the mycelium which is the vegetative part of the organism and grows underground) and mushrooms which are fruiting bodies of the mycelium. Much confusion has arisen from the erroneous use of the word fungi instead of mushrooms.\
Typical mushrooms are the fruit bodies of members of the order Agaricales, whose type genus is Agaricus and type species is the field mushroom, Agaricus campestris. However, in modern molecularly defined classifications, not all members of the order Agaricales produce mushroom fruit bodies, and many other gilled fungi, collectively called mushrooms, occur in other orders of the class Agaricomycetes. For example, chanterelles are in the Cantharellales, false chanterelles such as Gomphus are in the Gomphales, milk-cap mushrooms (Lactarius, Lactifluus) and russulas (Russula), as well as Lentinellus, are in the Russulales, while the tough, leathery genera Lentinus and Panus are among the Polyporales, but Neolentinus is in the Gloeophyllales, and the little pin-mushroom genus, Rickenella, along with similar genera, are in the Hymenochaetales.
In North America region, government are focused on strategic Initiatives for agricultural and agri-food sector. For instance, Canada government has taken various initiatives for supporting the agriculture and agri-food sector. For the development of Agri-food and agriculture sector, Canada government would deliver federal programs under the Canadian agriculture partnership focusing on economic growth in the agriculture sector. The Canadian agriculture partnership is focus to strengthen the agriculture and agri-food sector; it is a five-year plan which has an investment of US$ 3 Bn done by the federal government, territorial, and provincial governments. The partnership program would support farmers to manage significant risks and provide streamlined programs & services that are easier to access.