Virus filtration is a robust and effective virus clearance technology that is common unit operation in the manufacture of biologics. Some biological therapeutic products are produced using mammalian cell lines or human plasma. The risk of contamination with either known or unknown viruses in these products has been demonstrated; hence, regulatory agencies have mandated that manufacturers evaluate the risks of virus contamination and take necessary measures to mitigate these risks.
Clear aligners are the dental devices that are used to align the teeth in adults and teens. It is an alternative to the traditional dental braces, brackets, and other such treatments. The clear aligners are also known as invisible aligners. It is made from a non-metallic material such as polyurethane plastic.
Proteomics is the study of the complete protein complement of a cell, tissue, or organism under a precise, defined set of conditions. It is depended on technological and instrumental developments. These developments comprised of advances in mass spectrometry (MS) technology, protein fractionation techniques, bioinformatics, etc. Proteomics depend on three basic technological bases that include a method to fractionate compound protein or peptide mixtures, MS to acquire the data necessary to classify individual proteins and bioinformatics to analyze and assemble the MS data.
Infection control is an essential part of the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine. The ultrasound transducer disinfection is common practice in medicine that is defined as the complete removal of microorganisms on or in an instrument, except for small numbers of bacterial spores.
Gene therapy is the introduction of DNA into a patient to treat a genetic disease or a disorder. The newly inserted DNA contains a correcting gene to correct the effects of a disease, causing mutations. Gene therapy is a promising treatment for genetic diseases and also includes cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy. Gene therapy is a suitable treatment for infectious diseases, inherited disease and cancer.
Proton therapy is a radiation treatment that uses protons to treat cancerous cells in the body. This can be achieved by delivering a beam of protons to the precise location of cancerous cells in the body. Radiation therapy leads to the risk of damaging healthy tissues or organs in the body but the major advantage of proton therapy is that a physician can control the released proton beams targeted at cancerous cell and prevent the damage of healthy tissues in the vicinity.