What frameworks can be perfect to develop cross-platform applications?

Today, when Mobile applications have completely overhauled the basic principles of business and no business can take risk of being absent on the leading app platform like Google Play Store or the Apple App Store, Cross-platform app development has come on the scene as the predominant option for the businesses to be present on Android as well as iOS.

Before we move on, let's discover what is a Cross-Platform Framework and why is it so important in today’s highly disruptive and mobile app scenario.

What is a Cross-Platform Framework?

In simple language, Cross-Platform is a type of computing software that we can use to invent another software or service which is usable on various platforms like Windows, Android, iOS, Blackberry, etc.

A cross-platform framework refers to a kind of computer software that can be operated efficiently on diversified computing platforms with s/ingle code-base.

The applications invented on this cross-platform framework do not need different coding for different platforms.

Today, Cross-Platform Framework has emerged as an inevitable priority for every business from a small store to a multi-million company because of the benefits it offers. Let’s have a look at some of the cross-platform development benefits which are as follows:

Benefits of Cross-Platform Framework

  • Maximum Outreach

With a cross-platform development approach, one can build an app that can be operated over various platforms. This means with a single app one can target iOS as well as Android platform users and maximize their outreach.

  • Cost-effective and Time-saving

Reusable codes and agile app development brings down the cost of development. A cross-platform development approach enables the prompt syncing of updates over multiple platforms and devices which saves a lot of time and money.

  • Effortless Maintenance and Deployment

The operating ability of one developed app over all the platforms makes the maintenance easy and facilitates deploying code or making changes.

  • Quick Development Process

Single code for multiple platforms and cross-platform development framework’s support for HTML5 and CSS3 enables the developers to readily meet the expected deadlines in cross-platform app development.

  • Reusable Code

The cross-platform framework eliminates the repetition of codes because the same codes can be used for every platform, app, and upcoming projects.

  • Easy Integration with Cloud

Cross-platform mobile apps are highly compatible. Cross-platform mobile apps can be easily integrated with different frameworks which enhances their functionality, scalability, and validity.

These are only a few advantages. Let us check the top 6 frameworks that can be used to create cross-platform applications:

Top 6 Cross-platform Frameworks

1. Xamarin:

Founded in 2011, Xamarin is an open-source mobile UI framework for building Android and iOS apps with C# and. NET.

Millions of developers use Xamarin to build different types of apps for Android, iOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and Windows.

Xamarin is part of the .NET ecosystem. The platform was founded by the developers who created Mono which is an open-source and .NET Framework-based development platform.

Some of the apps invented with Xamarin Cross-Platform App Framework include Fox Sports, Alaska Airlines, HCL, American Cancer Society.

Pros

  • Uses C# for coding indicates the seamless working of Xamarin app development seamlessly on different platforms which includes Android and iOS.
  • Xamarin offers a “write once, run anywhere” facility with 75% of code sharing across platforms.

Cons 

  • Pricey for enterprises as they need to buy a license for Microsoft’s Visual Studio.
  • Restricted access to some important libraries that the app developers require to develop mobile apps.

2. Ionic

Ionic is one of the most leading open-source cross-platform app frameworks.

Ionic enables developers to use a combo of various cyber languages like JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS. It is used to create highly interactive mobile apps. Besides, progressive web apps and the addition of user-friendly features in the apps is also a big reason for its popularity.

Licensed under MIT, it is based on AngularJS and features some design elements from both iOS and Android.

Some of the Apps invented with this Cross-Platform App Framework are IBM, ING, and SAP.

Pros 

  • Particularly designed for mobile operating systems, It provides many UI components to develop robust applications.
  • Ionic has a strong back of above 5 million developers from around 200 countries

Cons

  • To create an advanced app, knowledge of AngularJS becomes a must.
  • It is difficult to design in-app navigation because of the complexity of using UI-router.

3. React Native

Real Native is used to writing real code and is a JavaScript-based framework. React Native uses React and JavaScript to invent top-notch quality native mobile apps that can be used on Android as well as iOS. React Native is the innovation of Facebook that was introduced in the market back in 2015.

Due to its exceptional features that add native-like sense to mobile apps in such a short period, it has become so popular and the first choice for developers as well as businesses.

Some of the Apps developed through React Native Cross-Platform App Framework are Skype, Tesla, Bloomberg, and Instagram.

Pros

  • React Native provides many ready-to-use components that quicken the app development process.
  • Fast Reloading allows developers to see alterations done in code within seconds, instead of minutes that native technologies take.

Cons

  • Fewer Custom Modules
  • Issues with package compatibility or debugging tools

4. Flutter

Introduced back in 2017, Flutter is another impressive, open-source, and free cross-platform framework to build native interfaces for both Android and iOS.

Flutter is for easy and quick development of iOS and Android apps. It allows the developers to create mobile apps for iOS as well as Android devices with the same codebase.

Flutter is ranked amongst the top 3 most liked frameworks. according to the Developer Survey. It is also known for the development of Google Fuschia apps.

Some of the Apps invented with Flutter Native Cross-Platform App Framework are Google, Google Ads, and Tencent.

Pros

  • Fast Reloading allows developers to see alterations done in code within seconds, instead of minutes that native technologies take.
  • Flutter is an impeccable framework for MVP development that allows prompt creation of Flutter mobile app and its native visibility on Android as well as iOS.

Cons

  • Flutter does not provide any support for Android TV and Apple TV.
  • Flutter-enabled apps use built-in widgets, not platform widgets.

5. Adobe PhoneGap

Also known as Apache Cordova, Adobe PhoneGap is an impeccable cross-platform app development framework that makes use of HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript. Owned and sourced by Adobe, PhoneGap offers a cloud solution to developers enabling them to present the app in the development process to get feedback from other developers.

Some of the apps invented using Adobe PhoneGap Cross-Platform App Framework are Wikipedia, FanReact, and TripCase.

Pros 

  • Adobe PhoneGap allows the sharing of apps with other developers' team to get feedback.
  • Adobe PhoneGap offers cloud solutions for the direct invention of apps.

Cons

  • Low performance in comparison to native apps
  • Lack of UI Widgets.

6. Appcelerator Titanium

Developed by Appcelerator, Appcelerator Titanium is one of the impeccable cross-platform app development tools that allows smoother and easier creation of native mobile apps that can be used on different platforms like iOS, Android, and Windows UWP, using a single JavaScript codebase. This means you can easily build rich native iOS, hybrid, Android, and mobile web apps from one JavaScript-based SDK. It primarily focuses on streamlining the app development process using the native components of JavaScript code.

Pros 

  • Appcelerator offers tools for expeditious application development which leads to the quick creation of prototypes.
  • Appcelerator offers ArrowDB- a schema-less data store that enables developers to deploy data models without any additional efforts for setup.

Cons

  • No Freemium.
  • Laggy.

Even though Cross-platform App frameworks are effective solutions, developers could not make high use of them initially due to division in mobility platforms. Cross-platform mobile app development seems to welcome high advancements in the very near future as the mobile applications are mainly either for Android and iOS.