Workplace Ethics

All people are aware of the fact that the modern world is full of life hazards and health risks. Unfortunately, some of these dangerous factors are created by people, who should think about the ways to protect themselves. According to the source where you can buy an outline online, work ethics is a key part of any successful team. Possession of some kind of weapon, especially a firearm, is associated with self-defense in case of an attack or aggression. However, the usage of guns should be strictly controlled to avoid possible negative consequences. Though having a firearm at work or keeping it in a car in a parking lot is recognized as a legal right of a worker, the moral aspect of this issue and the property and safety rights of an employer need proper legislative regulation.Some thorough consideration should be given to a question of whether is it correct to keep a gun at home or take it to work or to any other place. It is possible to assess this issue from both legal and moral perspectives. Corresponding authorization gives a person a legal right to own a gun. Whether a person has a moral right to have a gun depends on their personal views. In my opinion, I have the right to own a gun not to commit any kind of violence, but simply to protect myself.The question of whether a person has either a moral or a legal right to park a car with a loaded gun in a privately owned parking lot, regardless of what the lot’s owner wants, is more complicated. This issue has been recently discussed by the U.S. government, scholars, and journalists. On the 15th of October 22 states have passed laws that limit property owners' ability to ban firearms in vehicles in parking areas. These laws have at once caused a number of contradictions. Thus, the increasing level of gun violence at the workplace and writes that “More than three-quarters of workplace homicides are committed with guns. At the same time, my intention is to respect the opinion of the lot’s owners and I do not support the part of the statement, which limits private owner’s right to express their personal views on keeping firearms in cars. Therefore, I do not have a moral right to keep a gun in a parked car if the owner of this parking lot prohibits it or considers it to be a potential hazard.At the present moment, employees’ moral right to park cars with guns in the company’s parking lot depends on their personal views only if they are allowed to do it legally. Occupational Safety and Health Administration is the governmental body that regulates the issues related to employees who have guns at work (OSHA). However, the regulations and mandates of OSHA do not have one interpretation for all states as while granting the federal government wide latitude to establish national standards where necessary, the Act simultaneously encourages states to assume full responsibility for the administration and enforcement of their occupational health and safety laws. Therefore, employees’ legal right to keep a gun in a parked car is defined by the state. Some states even prohibit law enforcement officers to check parked cars for a weapon. However, it does not mean that all employees have a moral right to keep a gun in a parked car. If a law gives some legal freedom to an employer and they consider wearing a gun to be dangerous, then a worker does not have the right to keep their gun in a parked car.The right to have a gun in a car in the private parking lot is no doubt closely related to the natural right to property. Although we are no longer permitted to own other people, we are certainly free to own a variety of other things. Nevertheless, this natural right to property as it is viewed by employers should not contradict their safety considerations. It is better to limit workers’ property right to wearing guns at work, supporting the opinion of Glazer- Esh, who confirms that it is logical to prohibit taking guns to work or keeping them in parked cars to decrease the level of violence at work. Moreover, the so called Guns-at-Work law raised many contradictions because employers view the law as an infringement of their property rights. Therefore, it is important to find a balance between owners’ right to property and safety, which is revealed in prohibition to have loaded guns in a parked car and the legislation norms and the natural right to property, which both advocate for the interests of workers.The state legislatures are right to get involved into the issue of controlling employees wearing guns at work, but they should do it to a certain extent, namely indicating whether it is generally allowed or not. Actually, OSHA acted in this way, but it did not contribute a lot to employers’ understanding of what right they have to manage the process. Many employers have specific policies prohibiting firearms, but the ability to maintain these policies may be challenged by state laws liberalizing the carrying of weapons in public and private places. While this contradiction exists, no Gun-at-Work law will be efficient. Each state should issue a general directive and grant employers a right to decide how their workers should act, and if they want to exercise their right to have a gun at work.There are no possible reasonable situations that can take place in a working environment and force an employee to carry a gun to their office or keep it in a car. Any force majeure circumstance (like military actions or one of the employees behaving aggressively) should be immediately resolved and hazards should be eliminated. Thus, a worker does not need a gun in their office in any circumstances, if their work has no relation to licensed security functions. Self-defense is a very doubtful explanation for having a firearm in a parked car.Regardless of scholars’ opinion and their reasoned statements cited above, the research has not yet proved that the presence of guns automatically violate the rights of other employees to be guaranteed a safe working environment. If sufficient evidence showed that the presence of guns in the workplace is a recognized hazard, then employers could be seen as having a responsibility to take feasible steps to mitigate the hazard. As for now, employers are mostly guided by logic and common sense when they prohibit their workers to have guns either in the office or in their parked cars. However, some statistical data shows that their arguments are valid. Approximately 500 murders annually happen in the workplaces of the USA. The possibility to have a worker killed in the office where a gun is allowed is 6.8 times higher than for the offices where all types of weapons are prohibited. Though this statistical data makes employers precautious, scholars predict that some new Guns-at-Work laws are being prepared and they will completely restrict the employers’ right to exclude weapons in all U.S. states, which allow having guns in parked cars or offices. While the situation with the moral or legal right of employees to have guns at work stays unclear, the experts offer a set of complex measures to prevent any violence in offices. These measures include better administrative and engineering control of employees to carry surveillance and design security equipment to monitor the atmosphere in offices and detect potential hazards and train employees to react to their colleagues’ aggressive behavior. Large companies that have developed gun-possession and violence-prevention policies find the balance between federal and local laws easier. Consequently, the issue of having guns at work can be solved only by the common efforts of employers and the state government.To conclude, it is important to affirm that the problem related to employees having guns at work or leaving them in parked cars close to their offices in the USA needs some quick solution. Federal laws arise many contradictions as to the roles of the state and employers in making decisions. Property and safety rights of both workers and business owners are involved in the issue. Taking into consideration the fact that the research of the legislation efficiency in this aspect cannot bring a firm verdict, it is recommended to unite the efforts of the federal and state government and business owners and to issue a general law and sets of individual regulations for those employees who insist on taking guns to work.