01.03 what do you know writing assignment

ORDER NOW














Why do you want to make it?

In this section, make sure to convince the reader that project is innovative and beneficial.

Do this without using any language that sounds like a sales pitch!

Why would anyone care about it?

This is related to the nsf categories of broader impact, and intellectual merit.

The prior work collection is an essential component of research and invention.

It involves collecting published materials that are relevant to the innovation at hand.

There are three kinds of prior work: needs, resources, and precedents.

Needs are preexisting conditions that drive the process of innovation.

They motivate the relevance of the innovation, answering the question, why is this important?

Resources are ingredients and raw materials that will be used for constructing the new invention.

These include enabling technologies, design methods, processes, and materials.

They are prior methods, systems, and services that are similar to the innovation at hand.

Enumeration of precedents, with comparative analysis, serves as a basis for differentiating the new invention from what has been done before.

When you cite prior research make sure to be clear and explicit in describing what in particular is relevant about that work, and how you will apply it in your project.

This is a hybrid scenario, so include relevant research from hci, multimedia, hypertext, cognitive psychology, graphics, etc the sciences, and any relevant design and art citations.

Pay special attention to the last several years of proceedings form whatever conference you plan to submit to.

When you find a relevant article, use it to find others through citation chaining.

Consider commerical and freelance applications, as well as academic papers.

Create a bibliography, with the entries alphabetized and formatted properly.

How will we know if your project is sucessful?

The goal of evaluation is to establish prove!

Design experiments that will establish this.

After you have built your project, you will conduct these experiments later in the project cycle.

We have discussed the fact that many people especially those who call themselves scientists strongly associate research with including evaluation processes with clear metrics.

How do we know if we ve succeeded?

While this is not the nature of arts paradigms, which typically depend on intepretive evaluations by experts, to produce creative experience as research, i believe evaluation is necessary.

How can it be formulated creatively to be an interesting source of relevant data, rather than deadly dull?

Drawing from approaches we ve seen from predecessors such as smith, czsiksentmihalyi, bodker, and others, formulate an evaluation plan.

How will you develop the project?

Consider both the prototype time period, and the longer term.

What software and hardware technologies are involved?

What needs to be developed to conduct the evaluation?

Make sure to factor in iterative design.

What will the role of formative evaluation be?

Your plan must consider and account for this.

What will be done by whom, when?

What roles is each person playing in the project?

What are the milestones and deliverables that each person will be responsible for?

Include something like a gant chart.

Be very specific in defining each step.

If you are bidding on a project or entering a design competition, the design concept statement lays the groundwork for the visual components of the presentation.

Never assume that your design can speak for itself!

An interior design concept statement must effectively convey your inspiration and vision for a space.

It briefly addresses how you went about creating the design and handled specific design challenges.

It tells your client the origin of the design and demonstrates your ability to create a symbiotic relationship between physical elements.

Each designer has their own way of composing and formatting an interior design concept statement.

Just make sure you include a few essential pieces of information.

You will become more confident in your ability, as you do more proposals.

Follow these basic pointers and your concept statement will surely impress!

Write several descriptive sentences that communicate the purpose, focus and fundamental concept of your design.

Resist the urge to sell yourself.

Your design concept statement is not an advertisement.

First, state the intent of your design and then explain how you accomplished your objective.

You can elaborate on your selection of specific design elements and the principles employed when covering the visual presentation portion of your proposal.

Sometimes you may need to adjust your design concept statement to conform to client guidelines.

Often times a client will have input which greatly influences your design direction and concept statement.

If your client has a specific vision in mind and wants a lengthy account of the design concept, follow their wishes and instructions to the letter.

Avoid using overly descriptive and flowery language.

Use short sentences for your design concept statement.

This may require sidelining your creativity while you put on your editor hat.

As with any proposal writing, long sentences dilute the effectiveness of your core concept.

Do not write your design concept statement in first person.

Your personal opinions and desires are not relevant to this piece of information.

A design idea, vision or solution should not be about you.

It should reflect what works best for your client.

If you are unsure of your ability to write a compelling interior design concept statement, check with your local asid chapter for suggestions.

You may be able to find a mentor willing to help you with your first few design concept statements.

The internet and local library are also great sources of information for interior design writing.

No html is allowed in comments, but urls will be hyperlinked.

Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

I love the concept statement example you provided!

Empty descriptive words and writing in the first person are the two big no-no s of design concept statement writing.

Simone haruko smith 4 years ago from san franciscoi m so glad you wrote this hub!

I was really wondering about interior design concept statements as soon as i first heard about them, and nothing spells happiness like satisfied curiosity!

It s interesting that you encourage folks to avoid overly flowery language and i m really glad that you mentioned that detail!

I can imagine how many people would be tempted to use it with interior design concept statements especially if they re new and kind of nervous.

Yes, you would think flowery language would be required in that discipline.

It would be extremely difficult not to throw in a mahvelous, dahling once in a while!

Your point regarding flowery language is a significant aspect to consider.

The scale is from 1 to 10, where 10 is the best and 1 is the worst.

Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Hubpages and hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including amazon, google, and others.

An interior design concept statement is the essence of an interior design proposal.

Advertisement carefully consider your interior design concept statement.

Advertisement each designer has their own way of composing and formatting an interior design concept statement.

Detailed examples of design elements should presented separately from your design concept statement.

Things to avoid avoid using overly descriptive and flowery language.

Advertisement avoid long, drawn out statements.

Helpful resourcesif you are unsure of your ability to write a compelling interior design concept statement, check with your local asid chapter for suggestions.

I m so glad you wrote this hub!

Please rate this article using the scale below.

You became a web designer to create great web sites and applications.

Unfortunately, this is the reality you face.

A lot of web designers just slog through them.

They treat them like chores, do whatever they can to get through them, and move on.

What if, instead of resigning yourself to being miserable every time you sit down to write a proposal, you figured out how to use proposals as effective sales tools?

The best clients those willing to pay good money for whoever can offer them business solutions expect to see these things.

You get all geared up to crank out a few proposals only to find yourself in the same place hours later.

This is the key reason why so many web designers struggle with proposals.

They have a ton of value to offer.

While every proposal is unique, all of the persuasive ones follow the same basic structure.

There are plenty of nuances to think about with each of these more on those in just a second.

The key difference between mediocre problem statements and good ones?

Instead, they just rehash the project specifications.

Abc company is looking to have their website redesigned to give them a fresh new look.

The redesign should include a way for customers to contact the company and a way to find locations.

An effective problem statement, on the other hand, gets beneath the surface and touches on the underlying reasons why the client offered the project in the first place.

Abc company has lately seen a drastic increase in competition.

Abc company needs to redesign their website with a fresh new look to ensure existing customers are kept, and new ones are converted.

This approach shows clients you understand them on a deeper level than all the other proposals filling their desk or inbox.

That translates into a higher percentage of winners!

A lot of web designers stumble here.

As web designers, aesthetics and beautiful websites resonate with us strongly.

We recommend a complete redesign of the existing website.

This would include a new updated logo, location search, contact form page, etc.

Every web designer is familiar with those elements.

The problem: not justifying why those elements should be included.

The lack of tangible business benefits.

To effectively recapture the market from new competitors, the website design must implement a marketing strategy focused on this goal.

This will start with a needs analysis session that will identify the key elements of the website, different customer types, and all necessary calls to action.

Needs analysis will be followed with a content plan focused on specific goals, and will move into the design phase which will include the followingwhich one sounds more promising?

It also makes a lot of web designers uncomfortable.

They find themselves trying to skirt around price completely or itemizing every little service in an attempt to justify their rate.

Good news: you can turn your pricing section into a sales tool all on its own.

By sticking to one price tag and keeping things high level, you make it easier for clients to digest.

A client should be able to flip to the page and have their cost question answered within seconds.

Anything more complicated, and you risk losing their patience.

Depending on the length of the project, you might want to tie payments to specific milestones.

Each element is referred to by multiple names.

A repeatable process helps you save time instead of starting every new proposal from scratch.

But it also leaves room for personalization to fit the specific project at hand.

Not only do you get the persuasive structure you need without a lot of manual steps.

You also get an eye-catching presentation and other cool features, like electronic signatures and customizable client landing pages.

Another option is to create your own proposal templates.

This makes it easy to know when to use which proposal.

A little project, like a three-page website, gets the small proposal template.

But your efforts will pay off if your pricing information includes an element of persuasion.

This will come out to around a two-page proposal.

Notice how all the three key elements we discussed above problem statement, proposed solution, and pricing information are included.

What is the one key step a client should take right after reading to get the ball rolling?

Give interested clients a simple way to move forward, and more of them will hire you.

The large proposal template looks more complicated than the small version.

The key additions here are timeframe and legal information.

Naturally, both parties will want to protect themselves legally when a good deal of money is involved.

Create an elegant design easier said than done and use it as a header and footer in your word template.

Keep your design elements to a minimum.

You want to use them tastefully, hinting at your creative ability without overpowering your content.

You can save even more time by adding some help text to your proposal outlines.

This text will remind you what to write about in each section.

This stuff is too generic to be useful.

Every project is different, so any content that you can reuse like that is garbage in the eyes of of the client.

Remember, clients are only concerned with their own project and how you might be able to help them!

If you want to include a company information page or a clients section, feel free to do so as long as it comes after your pricing information.

You want to structure the information in the most persuasive manner possible.

This is the best bang for your buck because you get a professional look and a persuasive structure.

If you have to use handmade templates, follow the instructions above to create your own and be sure to include all the key elements.

Finally, web design and marketing services often go hand in hand.

Do you have any other questions about what it takes to create and submit compelling web design proposals?

If so, leave a comment below.

They are just what i needed to get pointed in the right direction.

It proved very instrumental in developing my own proposal template.

I have found that being upfront and letting a client know your pricing before he even has to turn a page is crucial.

That said, when i talk to them, before submitting a proposal, i talk about all the benefits they get when they work with me, then i give them pricing.

Those small features would be greatly appreciated by most!

The product is still very much still worth the money to anyone reading this comment!

Do you use task lists or gantt charts to show the specifics of building the web site in your proposal?

Or do you leave that for the contract?

Neither a gantt chart or task list actually.

Thank you so much in a class and have an assignment due.

Direct to the point and highly effective.

Am going to implement this model and am very sure it will triple my results.

I am always looking to write better proposals for my clients.

A good proposal is a must to get a job you truly want and look professional.

First time writing a project proposal and this is a good point to start from!

I have been running a small webdesign firm for the last three years and always wanted to know how i can write a winning proposal, and here it is wonderful!

You article will help me a lot, i have always wanted to know how to write a good proposal, this will definetrly help.

With your proposal advice maybe i can lock some clients into a monthly maintenance contract on their site too!

How should you handle legal terms?

We have a page long section in our proposal for legal terms that are obviously boring and not focused on the client, but also protect us.

Is there a way to remove that while still protecting yourself?

Can you include those terms on your website?

I agree with you here ruben.

That would be a great help.

Basically, i met with the business owner at his home, we discussed the project, and i showed him some of my work.

I totally misread him and i underpriced my service.

I like the systematic approach in doing the proposal that you have suggested.

Your approach to proposals can be used for both small and big projects as it is scalable.

What can you do about it?

Every persuasive proposal has three basic parts:problem statementproposed solutionpricing informationthere are plenty of nuances to think about with each of these more on those in just a second.

A mediocre problem statement might look like this:abc company is looking to have their website redesigned to give them a fresh new look.

A persuasive problem statement would sound something like this:abc company has lately seen a drastic increase in competition.

Now take a look how a good proposed solution might approach this:to effectively recapture the market from new competitors, the website design must implement a marketing strategy focused on this goal.

Client needs, client goals, client objectives, goals and objectivesrecommended solution.

Start by classifying each temple by proposal size: large and small.

Small proposal outlineclient needsrecommended solutionfee summarynext stepsthis will come out to around a two-page proposal.

Large proposal outlinegoals and objectivesrecommended solutionfee summaryfee scheduleestimated project schedulenext stepsterms and conditionsthe large proposal template looks more complicated than the small version.

Hey ruben,this is a beautiful article.

Your article really helped me as it serves as a blue print to me in relation to knowledge of writing a good and convincing proposalsthanks ruben, for the awesome guidelines.

But nothing compared with the feeling of writing an executive summary.

The executive summary is arguably the most valuable component of any proposal.

Its purpose is clear, its potential is huge, and putting it together can be straightforward, if you change your approach and follow a few simple steps.

Hopefully it will make the proposal process less painful, and help you convince anyone on your team who might disagree to follow your lead.

First of all, the executive summary needs a rebrand.

To me, the name itself speaks of stuffy suits, boring jargon-filled reports, and boardrooms filled with cigar smoke and people ready to say no.

They think that this is where you explain the entire proposal in 250 words.

It should be persuasive, outlining why the client should choose your company.

It should be specific and focus on results.

You can save the features for the body of the proposal.

Some people feel you should write the executive summary first because it can help you outline your concept and organize your thoughts for the entire proposal.

Plus things may have changed since you first started the proposal so you might want to adjust your approach.

I like to write the executive summary first because it does help focus all the ideas your team had during the brainstorming process about the best way to pitch this client.

That being said, once the body of the proposal is finished i still go back to tweak the executive summary as needed.

Sometimes new ideas rose to the top as we worked through the proposal, or initial ideas we had turned out to be impossible to execute due to the client budget or timeline.

I used to leave writing the executive summary to the end, and since inevitably we were in a time crunch to get the proposal to the client, i would feel anxious and rushed to get it done.

Once i started doing this step at the beginning, it was one less thing to worry about.

I could edit the executive summary as needed plus i knew there would be no huge surprises in what other team members had prepared.

You need an opener that is compelling.

Focus on the issue and the result, but be direct, concise, and evocative.

Before a client will hire you, they want to know that you get them.

This is where you demonstrate your grasp of the situation.

You could include a bit of your own research or a brief reference to past experience dealing with a similar situation.

You should also talk about how the client will benefit from solving the problem what will change, the positive outcomes, the results.

But remember, this is just an overview.

They can read all the delicious details in the proposal so keep it high level but still provide enough detail to convince them you have something specific and well thought out for them.

This section should start to provide the client with a sense of relief and get them excited about the result.

It s time to show your stuff.

Talk about why your company, your team, or your product is not only willing to take this challenge on, but you are actually qualified to do so.

Talk about why you can make this a successful project and deliver results, but broken record keep it brief.

Make the client feel like they have no other chance for happiness than to hire you because of x and y that differentiate you from the competition and proves your solution is the one that will make their dreams come true.

Talk about why you want to work with them a little flattery goes a long way and about how, as partners, you will be successful.

This rule applies for everything but especially in proposals.

Of course in some situations you may need to reference certain details but remember that this is a persuasive document sell the benefits, not the features.

Save the tech stuff for the proposal.

Think about what they want to know, not what you want to tell them.

Like any piece of copy, you need to write for your audience so make sure you think about them, what turns them off and what turns them on.

People like to hear their names and the same holds true for businesses.

The regular rules for writing apply to executive summaries.

Use simple, short sentences that are clear and can be understood by almost any reading level, especially if you might be writing for people whose first language is not english.

Here s an example of an executive summary i wrote using a customizable template from proposify s library.

Of course every executive summary needs to be tailored to your specific project, your client s needs, and your brand voice.

If you re looking for more inspiration, we have many other samples for other types of proposals that you can customize yourself.

I hope this guide will help turn your ho-hum executive summaries into wicked pitches of excellence.

Remember to be persuasive, not pedantic.

And if anyone has a suggestion on a new name for executive summary, bring it on.

Channeling maria von trapp, kate middleton, and my taxi-driving, yard-sale-obsessed grandmother.

Professional word nerd and unapologetic disciple of the oxford comma.

The purpose of an executive summary first of all, the executive summary needs a rebrand.

So you better make it good.

My suggestion is chocolate and peanut butter.

Here are the components that every executive summary should have: the opener: capture their attention you need an opener that is compelling.

The need: we get it before a client will hire you, they want to know that you get them.

Again, the focus here is on the client and their challenge, not on you and your company.

The evidence: we can do it it s time to show your stuff.

Do focus on your client think about what they want to know, not what you want to tell them.

Do use clear language the regular rules for writing apply to executive summaries.

Executive summary example here s an example of an executive summary i wrote using a customizable template from proposify s library.

Follow on twitter start your 14-day free trial of proposify try it 14 days for free.

Archivediversitycode of conductsample proposals sample proposals for o reilly conferences need some inspiration for writing your proposals to speak at o reilly events?

Take a look at some examples of winning proposals below.

The abstract makes it clear that the speaker intends to convey transferable knowledgealways a concern with case studies, which are only entertainment if you can t get anything out of it for your own use.

Please include a link to it when submitting a proposal.

These examples are each about two minutes long and demonstrate speaking ability.

Many thanks to jeff bezanson, wes bos, noah iliinsky, rachel myers, emily nakashima, stefan karpinski, peter skomoroch, and frank weigel for allowing us to use their speaking proposal submissions.

All trademarks and registered trademarks appearing on oreilly.

Drawing inspiration from problem solving techniques in mathematics and physics, we will walk through examples that illustrate how come up with creative solutions and solve real world problems with data.

Abstract practical problem solving with data involves more than just visualization or applying the latest machine learning techniques.

Intuition, domain knowledge, and reasonable approximations can mean the difference between a successful model and a catastrophic failure.

We ll dive into some best practices i ve extracted from solving real world problems like computing trending topics, finding related searches, cleaning election data, and ranking experts on social networks.

New analysts or engineers are often lost when textbook approaches fail on real world data.

Drawing inspiration from problem solving techniques in mathematics and physics, we will walk through examples that illustrate how come up with creative solutions and solve problems with big data.

These primitives allow various approaches to distributed computation to be implemented succinctly and easily, with high performance, entirely in julia.

Abstract julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic language for efficient, large-scale scientific and technical computing.

It has been gaining traction as a an alternative to r, matlab, and numpy, especially in performance-demanding areas, such as big statistics , bioinformatics, imaging, and linear algebra.

Julia provides simple, flexible primitives for distributed computing, out of the box.

Scalable distributed computation systems have typically either provided specialized parallel kernels to be composed by a control programlike scalapack for linear algebraor provided specific but generalizable distributed frameworks like mapreduce or pregel.

The computational kernel approach provides extreme performance, but sacrifices generality and assumes a fixed set of highly reliable computational resources.

The framework approach gives up raw performance in exchange for fault tolerance, easier scaling, and greater generality.

Julia provides a global distributed address space, a flexible futures mechanism, automatic serialization of user data and code, elastic parallelism, and simple, integrated fault handling.

This session highlights the application architecture and data management technology that enabled this growth, and provides a real-time data management model for developers of any interactive web application.

Abstract social and online games are a multi-billion market and one of the fastest growing sectors of the global economy.

With the acceleration of social media, games can go from zero to millions of users overnight, the latest example being omgpop s draw something, a pictionary-like game that broke all records when it went viral and skyrocketed to more than 50 million downloads and billions of drawings within a few weeks of launch.

If you are planning to build and launch a web application, growth is what you should be concerned with and prepared for.

So how exactly can you architect an application, without breaking the bank, while sustaining a snappy and compelling application experience across the scaling spectrum?

In this presentation, frank weigel will focus specifically on the data management challenges web application developers face, and provide criteria for selecting a data management model that will provide the scalability and performance needed to support massive growth.

The presentation will also highlight the architecture of omgpop s draw something, an example of a game that was prepared for growth.

We ll focus on the design process, not specific tools.

Abstract attendees: all attendees should bring paper an pen for quick sketching.

Attendees should bring their own data to work with.

Alternately, they can download interesting data sets from sites such as infochimps.

People with access to a windows machine might want to install tableau public.

We will discuss how to figure out what story to tell, select the right data, and pick appropriate layout and encodings.

The goal is to learn how to create a visualization that conveys appropriate knowledge to a specific audience which may include the designer.

We ll briefly discuss tools, including pencil and paper.

No prior technology or graphic design experience is necessary.

An awareness of some basic user-centered design concepts will be helpful.

Understanding of your specific data or data types will help immensely.

Please do bring data sets to play with.

Before beginning to write your proposal, it is important to take preparatory steps to arm yourself with useful information.

Read becoming a successful principal investigator by david a.

Proposal writing is different from other types of academic writing.

Award databases: are useful for assessing a sponsor s funding trends, supported projects and award levels to make sure that your expectations are in line with theirs.

A guide to proposal planning and writing, by jeremy t.

Miner: this article provides an overview of the key considerations you should take when writing to federal and private sponsors.

On the art of writing proposals, social science research council: although aimed at applicants to the social science research council, this publication offers quality advice that can be applied to any proposal.

The sections relating to proposal submission do not apply to vcu.

Developing and writing grant proposals, catalogue of federal domestic assistanceone program officer s candid tips for grantseekers, by joel orosz: provides critical information for those considering approaching a foundation for support.

Proposal writing short course, the foundation center: essential information from the foundation center if you are planning to write a proposal to a private funder.

Ten commandments of private foundation grant proposals: panelist john hurley, associate vice president for the macarthur foundation, explains the benefits of applying to private organizations for research funds for an audience of graduate students, postdocs, and administrators.

Dissertation proposal workshop, university of california, berkeley: this course is especially useful for those engaged in area studies in the social sciences.

Funding and proposal writing for social science faculty and graduate student research, university of north carolina: the sections relating to proposal routing and submission procedures do not apply to vcu.

Writing grants and nsf proposals, university of california los angeles: three recorded workshops on writing effective applications for grants and fellowships to support graduate study and research.

Guide to proposal development in the humanities for graduate students, university of kansas.

Office of extramural research: includes detailed information about nih grants process and funding opportunities, access to forms, explains grants policy, and assists with electronic research administration.

Here, you can also find tips for applicants, such as the review criteria for each award mechanism.

Funding policies: maintained by the nsf policy office, this page provides access to the key information related to developing and submitting competitive proposals to the agency, as well as managing awards.

Postdoc mentoring plans: proposals to the nsf that request funding for postdocs must include a description of mentoring activities they will engage in.

Refer to sample plans:vcu s corporate and foundation relations office works to secure private support for university priorities by fostering relationships with corporations, foundations and other philanthropic organizations.

Housed in central advancement, the cfr staff works alongside schools, centers and research units on the monroe park campus and the mcv campus to identify and coordinate activities with corporations and foundations to secure support for research, academic and outreach projects.

Their website includes important resources to consider as you pursue foundation funding.

Dmp tool: many sponsors require that all applications include a data management plan describing how the project will disseminate and share research results.

Use the dmptool to create these plans, see samples, and get assistance.

National institutes of health: should i contact a program officer before i apply?

National endowment for the humanities: add your name to the prism database.

National institutes of health: instructions for junior and senior scientists interested in serving on study sections.

Department of veterans affairs: sample call for reviewers.

Environmental protection agency: explanation of the peer review process and instructions for reviewer self-nominations.

Department of agriculture: add your name to the reviewer database.

Corporation for national and community service: description of the review process and instructions for reviewer self-nominations.

Vcu grant awards snapshot vcu eid and password required to locate awards across multiple federal agencies, use: federal reporter usaspending.

Therefore, the project must align with their mission and goals.

Although it is tempting to write one proposal and shop it around to several funders, this is ultimately a poor strategy.

Make sure to do your homework on each sponsor.

What have they funded in the past?

Who have they funded in the past?

Therefore, use it to your advantage.

Write for the reviewers, not yourself.

The reviewers have not shared the long journey of developing this concept to the point as it appears in the proposal, so they do carry the same assumptions as you do.

At the same time, they are experts in their respective fields with busy professional and personal lives.

They will rely on your ability to synthesize and explain with the utmost clarity.

Competitive writing style starts with clear thinking.

Can you explain your project verbally, in less than 75 words?

Can someone with no experience in the field understand your explanation?

Would that person also be excited about the project?

Remember that the proposal from cover page to appendices must tell a single, coherent story.

If anything is incomplete, sloppy, or inconsistent with other parts, the reviewers will be confused.

This often happens when several people are writing sections independently, and the final document is cut and pasted together.

Have several people who know absolutely nothing of your efforts read the proposal before you submit it.

Reviewers generally have a lot of proposals to read, and devote a small amount of time to each one.

Wow the reviewer with the first paragraph.

Use strong declarative verbs and short sentences to hold their interest.

If you lose the reviewer on the first page, you may never get him or her back.

Good proposal writing always takes much longer than you anticipate.

Since many funding opportunities are solicited on an annual basis, use the advance notice to prepare.

Solidify your partnerships and identify gaps in your team.

Affirm the logic of your design.

Conduct a pilot study if needed.

Determine what boilerplate language you will need and where to get it.

Talk with the program officer please see contacting program officers section below to make sure your project is a good fit.

You exceed page or margin limits.

You include information that is not allowed.

There is not just one right answer to writing a competitive proposal.

Try to obtain copies of funded and unfunded proposals.

Serve on a review panel please see the become a reviewer section below.

Attend grantsmanship trainings hosted by a variety of organizations to see multiple perspectives.

Ask for several people, with a range of expertise and interests, to critique your proposal before submitting it to the sponsor.

Developing and writing grant proposals, catalogue of federal domestic assistance foundation proposals one program officer s candid tips for grantseekers, by joel orosz: provides critical information for those considering approaching a foundation for support.

National institutes of health office of extramural research: includes detailed information about nih grants process and funding opportunities, access to forms, explains grants policy, and assists with electronic research administration.

National science foundation funding policies: maintained by the nsf policy office, this page provides access to the key information related to developing and submitting competitive proposals to the agency, as well as managing awards.

Refer to sample plans: oregon state university university of wisconsin-madison vcu s corporate and foundation relations office works to secure private support for university priorities by fostering relationships with corporations, foundations and other philanthropic organizations.

Before submitting any proposal to a private sponsor, you must notify cfr staff of your intentions.

Helpful resources what is the difference between a grant and a gift?

Guidelines for seeking foundation funding identifying and approaching funders private funding opportunities for research dmp tool: many sponsors require that all applications include a data management plan describing how the project will disseminate and share research results.

Become a peer reviewer national endowment for the humanities: add your name to the prism database.

This post is a companion to start here: how to get your book published.

My expertise on this topic comes from more than a decade of acquisitions experience at a traditional publisher, where i reviewed thousands of proposals.

Originally written in 2012, this post is occasionally updated and revised.

A book proposal argues why your book idea is a salable, marketable product.

It acts as a business case or business plan for your book that persuades a publisher to make an investment in you and your project.

Instead of writing the entire book, then trying to interest an editor or agent which is how it works with novels, you write the proposal first.

If a publisher is convinced by your argument, it will then contract you and pay you to write the book.

If properly developed and researched, a proposal can take weeks, even months, to write.

But having the manuscript complete does not get you off the hook when it comes to writing the proposal.

This bears little to no relation to a typical nonfiction book proposal.

Would you be ok reading a serious guide on how to invest in the stock market by someone who is living in a van down by the river?

While this is a broad generalization, i find that professional, published writers can typically sell a memoir based on the proposal alone, if they clearly have writing chops or publication credits to back up the proposal.

New, emerging writers who have no publishing track record will likely be asked to submit a complete manuscript to prove they can write, sometimes in addition to the book proposal itself.

While these questions are not explicitly addressed in the proposal i.

As a whole, your proposal must effectively answer them.

Editors care about one thing only: a viable idea with a clear market, paired with a writer who has credibility and marketing savvy.

Knowing your audience or marketand having direct, tangible reach to them online or offgives you a much better chance of success.

Pitch only the book you know has a firm spot in the marketplace.

Do not pitch a book expecting that the publisher will bring the audience to you.

You bring your audience and platform to the publisher.

This section analyzes competing book titles and why yours is different or better.

The analysis typically includes 5-10 titles.

You might be okay discussing just a few titles if your book is on a specialized topic or for a very narrow audience.

For each entry in your competitive title analysis, begin by listing the title, subtitle, author, publisher, year of publication, page count, price, format, and the isbn.

If it has a specific edition number, include that, too.

Travel is a good exampleits print sales have declined by 50 percent since 2007.

In as much detail as possible, discuss an identifiable market of readers who will be compelled to spend money on your information or story in book form.

However, avoid generically describing the book buying audience in the united states, orfor examplebroadly discussing how many memoirs sold last year.

We need to be able to envision who the readers are and how they can be marketed to.

It can be very tempting to make a broad statement about who your audience is, to make it sound like anyone and everyone is a potential reader.

What can you specifically do to market and promote the book?

Never discuss what you hope to do, only what you can and will do without publisher assistance, given your current resources.

Make it concrete, realistic, and attach numbers to everything.

Weak i plan to register a domain and start a blog for my book.

Weak i plan to contact bloggers for guest blogging opportunities.

Strong i am in contact with organizers at xyz conferences, and have spoken at 3 events within the past year reaching 5,000 people in my target audience.

You need to show that your ideas are not just pie in the sky, but real action steps that will lead to concrete results and a connection to an existing readership.

It can be helpful to begin with a bio you already use at your website or at linkedin.

Show how your expertise and experience give you the perfect platform from which to address your target audience.

If this is a weak area for you, look for other strengths that might give you credibility with readers or help sell bookssuch as connections to experts or authorities in the field, a solid online following, and previous success in marketing yourself and your work.

I suggest you write it last.

It needs to sing and present a water-tight business case.

A chapter outline works well for narrative or meaty works, especially those that are text-heavy and anticipated to come in at 80,000 words or more.

For each chapter, you write a brief summary of the idea, information, or story presented, usually 100-200 words per chapter.

The most important thing is to show how your book concept will play out from beginning to end, and strongly convey the scope and range of material covered.

Is there a smaller publisher that would be interested because they have a lower threshold of sales to meet?

A sizable platform and expertise is typically required to successfully sell a nonfiction book to a major publisher, especially for competitive categories such as health, self-help, or parenting.

To find out more, click here.

I also offer critique services if your proposal is already written.

She is the co-founder and editor of the hot sheet, the essential newsletter on the publishing industry for authors.

In addition to being a columnist for publishers weekly, jane is a professor with the great courses, which released her 24-lecture series, how to publish your book.

She also has a book forthcoming from the university of chicago press, the business of being a writer 2017.

Jane speaks regularly at conferences and industry events such as bookexpo america, digital book world, and the awp conference, and has served on panels with the national endowment for the arts and the creative work fund.

For more information on book proposals and what they entail, click here.

Could you address expertise counter examples like this and how to leverage expertise between fields?

Malcolm gladwell is a journalist who worked 10 years covering business and science for the washington post before he ever published a book.

Then he got a gig at the new yorker that led to his first book deal.

If he had tried to get a book deal firstbefore his years of experience as a proven journalisthe probably would not have succeeded.

Well organized, articulate, easy to understand.

Rachelle gardner has the formula for writing a one sentence summary for fiction, while jane friedman shows how to write a non-fiction book proposal.

Jane, lots of good info here.

Hi jane, very useful information i am looking at writing about cyberbullying but am struggling to find publishing houses within the south pacfic region that i live in.

Is it ok to approach us publishers when i am so far away?

Also should i be looking at ebooks as a form of publishing given the content i am writing about?

Also i feel my platform is not very strong.

I was a magazine journalist for seven years, writing occasional travel pieces and wrote a blog while in india but otherwise nothing else.

Should i be concerned about this?

I am currently in the process of completing my four book series on a crime fiction novel about gone wrong.

Do you have any advice or tips?

I guess every writer has that problem.

Memoir is a very competitive market, but if you have a strong platform, you might be able to interest an agent.

You should either try pitching at a conference where agents attend, or start work on a book proposal.

Great advice jane, thanks for all of this!

I am hoping to find some more information about how to format the author qualifications portion of a proposal.

Does it need to read more like the dust jacket bio or can it be more in depth than that?

It needs to be as in-depth as necessary to convey your authority, credibility or platform on the topic in questionthough first-person or third-person is a judgment call.

It explains the difference in proposals between traditional non-fiction and narrative non-fiction, helps you write a strong proposal, and gives a very thorough overview of the book proposal.

One involves a collection of humorous anecdotes some involving parenting, some involving my childhood, some involving ridiculous people previously published on an old blog that is no longer accessible.

Would you suggest a book proposal and sample chapters for that project?

Thanks for the post, super helpful!

I have a questioni have read that it is helpful to address the cover letter of book proposals to a specific person.

Ive tried calling the editorial departments of a few publishing houses to find out who i should be writing to but more often than not, usually the bigger ones, they say addressing the letter to the editorial dept is fine.

Is it better to address it to no one in specific or pick one of the editors or publishers off the website and use their name?

For some help in this aspect, check out this article on how to write a book proposal.

Could i ask, what criteria would you consider when deciding if the book should be published in the traditional method above vs self publishing an ebook?

Just ran a post on that very question!

Thank you for such concise information and great links to more.

Thank you for your very helpful insights jane!

It appears to me from reading the post above that a blog or personal website is necessary to show that you have a ready made audience.

A blog might not be necessary, but a website, absolutely.

Thanks so much for your post.

I am a new book editor, and i recently completed editing a manuscript for a book by a dermatologist.

He has his own product line, has been interviewed on tv numerous times and has keynoted many professional conferences.

My advice: definitely finish the book first, then take time to write a book proposal.

Jane, what would you recommend for a book proposal for a war diary?

Good morning i am a public school bus driver for elementary school children.

There is so much to be said , i believe with my heart.

If you have a web site on a closely-related topic, how do you decide then what to share on the web site and what to save for the book?

Now that you mention it, my proposed book is sort of an anthology.

So i could easily see some of these chapters as blog posts.

Long blog posts, yes, but still blog posts.

Just make sure what you do has a strategic purpose.

If a partial or full manuscript is requested, they will instruct you on how to send it via attachment or snail mail, and it should retain double spacing, etc.

Chapter summaries are generally third-person, present tense.

I will say that writing an outline in the third person was a great exercise for me.

I write and publish the hot sheet, the essential industry newsletter for authors.

What exactly is a book proposal?

Book proposals are used to sell nonfiction books.

If your memoir is your very first book or very first writing attempt, then it may not be good enough to pass muster with an editor or agent.

You must have a compelling and unusual story to tell.

You have the start of a platform.

Finding a literary agent and do you need one?

A unique book is not enoughyou must show evidence of need in the marketplace for your work.

You must have sufficient authority or credentials to write the book, as well as an appropriate marketing platform for the subject matter or target audience.

The most common book proposal sections the following sections appear in almost every book proposal.

Competitive title analysis this section analyzes competing book titles and why yours is different or better.

Target market or target audience who will buy your book?

Census shows more than 20 million people in this demographic.

Marketing plan what can you specifically do to market and promote the book?

Author bio it can be helpful to begin with a bio you already use at your website or at linkedin.

Chapter outline or table of contents a chapter outline works well for narrative or meaty works, especially those that are text-heavy and anticipated to come in at 80,000 words or more.

The concept is too general or broad, or has no unique angle.

The writer wants to do a book based on his or her own amateur experience of overcoming a problem or investigating a complex issue.

The most common problem leading to rejection: no author platform a sizable platform and expertise is typically required to successfully sell a nonfiction book to a major publisher, especially for competitive categories such as health, self-help, or parenting.

Vote up1vote down reply4 years 4 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlemalcolm gladwell is a journalist who worked 10 years covering business and science for the washington post before he ever published a book.

Vote up0vote down reply4 years 3 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlevote up0vote down reply4 years 3 months agorobshare on twittershare on googlejane, lots of good info here.

There are hundreds of mafia books out there, each with a different approach.

I am planning to write about my grandfather in terms of being my papa.

I looked at your post and did not seem to fit in any one category.

Vote up1vote down reply4 years 1 month agolara legershare on twittershare on googlei have had on my heart for quite a while now, a book idea.

The type of book non-fiction that it is, it will not be like the other book out there.

Vote up0vote down reply4 years 1 day agokaylashare on twittershare on googledear ms.

Jane friedman, i am currently in the process of completing my four book series on a crime fiction novel about gone wrong.

Vote up2vote down reply3 years 10 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on google1 the stamp of approval, which can be important when soliciting media attention 2 physical bookstore distribution 3 quality control.

Vote up1vote down reply3 years 10 months agoandrew kensleyshare on twittershare on googlehi jane.

I am working on a book proposal for a travel memoir about moving my family to europe.

From my research, it seems there is a market for a travel memoirs, and b and few good ones about families moving with young children.

I think i have a decent platform, as i write a newspaper parenting column and feature articles for several magazines, and am shopping a literary novel as well.

Any chance an agent would give an advance for something like this?

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 10 months agodianashare on twittershare on googlegreat advice jane, thanks for all of this!

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 10 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googleit needs to be as in-depth as necessary to convey your authority, credibility or platform on the topic in questionthough first-person or third-person is a judgment call.

Would you suggest both a proposal and completed manuscript for this approach?

Limited platform but confident in writing style and ability to tell a story.

Have several unpublished short stories that received high marks in creative writing classes.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 10 months agoeleanorshare on twittershare on googlehi jane, thanks for the post, super helpful!

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 10 months agogetting your book published: is your topic too broad?

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 9 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlejust ran a post on that very question!

I have finally decided to take the plunge and just do it.

I had no clue how to get started and i admit, that is definitely what was holding me back.

Your blog and website are so comprehensive and detailed as to be overwhelming and intimidating but it most assuredly lays the groundwork for success if certain steps are followed and certain measures taken.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 9 months agokasarishare on twittershare on googlethank you for your very helpful insights jane!

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 9 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlea blog might not be necessary, but a website, absolutely.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 8 months agoalexshare on twittershare on googlethanks so much for your post.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 8 months agosusan kerrshare on twittershare on googlejane, what would you recommend for a book proposal for a war diary?

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 8 months agocindyshare on twittershare on googlegood morning i am a public school bus driver for elementary school children.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 7 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlefocus on writing a good book first.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 7 months agoguylaineshare on twittershare on googleif you have a web site on a closely-related topic, how do you decide then what to share on the web site and what to save for the book?

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 6 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlemy philosophy or practice is that website content is very different from print-based or book content.

Website content is generally optimized for search and focuses on very specific anecdotes, tasks or ideas.

Books offer big-picture or comprehensive takes or stories.

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 6 months agojane friedmanshare on twittershare on googlethat is one possible strategy, yes!

Vote up0vote down reply3 years 6 months agoguylaineshare on twittershare on googlevote up0vote down reply3 years 6 months agothebeshare on twittershare on googlehello jane, thank you for the very helpful post.

I pitched my memoir at a recent conference and some agents have requested partials and an annotated outline.

Do i keep the double spaces after periods?

Should the chapter summaries be third-person?

The hot sheet i write and publish the hot sheet, the essential industry newsletter for authors.

We re going to teach you how to propose.

They do this because, by law, they are required to.

The local school board will receive the bids and make a decision on the contract award, and they are accountable to the public for this decision.

Related article: 7 best free business plan templatesnot so in the private sector.

Still, business owners seeking new clients and customers must perform well if they intend to keep those clients.

Writing business proposals involves a lot of initial legwork.

Once you become aware that a potential client is looking for proposals in your business niche, you know you will want to develop a sound, clear, and precise business proposal, and there are many pre-panning activities you will want to conduct.

Writing a business proposal is a lengthy and time-consuming process, so plan enough time to do it right!

Generally, though, your sections will be as follows:if you are not a good writer, get someone who is.

You never know who will be reading your proposal, so make sure there are no grammatical, punctuation or spelling errors.

And above all, keep it simple.

No one wants to struggle through long and complex sentences with academic-level vocabulary.

The format of the letter should, of course, be business formal and should be impeccable in grammar and style.

Here are some pointers:this site is made available for educational purposes only as well as to give you general information about business practices and strategy, not to provide specific business advice.

Use of this website constitutes acceptance of the terms of use, community guidelines, and privacy policy.

Related article: 7 best free business plan templates not so in the private sector.

Before you put pencil to paper writing business proposals involves a lot of initial legwork.

Go to the website and read everything!

Arrange a meeting with management: you may not get into see the ceo, but you should make an appointment with as high level a manager as possible.

During this meeting you want the client to clarify goals and needs, so be a good listener and take notes!

You really want to get clear budget parameters too, so you have a financial framework for your proposal.

For example, if you are in the property management business, and you have become aware that a large apartment complex owner is looking for a new outside property management firm, you meet with that owner or his rep.

You ask about his issues and problems and what made him unhappy with the previous management.

These will be critical points in your solution proposal.

Writing the proposal writing a business proposal is a lengthy and time-consuming process, so plan enough time to do it right!

These make up the current situation.

State your goals, objectives, and methodologies for meeting the needs of the client and remedying the current situation.

Time and cost: here is where you get to the heart of the matter.

How long, and along what timeline, will you implement the changes, install the equipment, etc.

And, critically important, the costs must be carefully and clearly broken down, so that each facet of your solution methodology has a specific cost.

In this way, if the client has to cut back on something, he can make informed decisions.

Your conclusion: do not be afraid to praise yourself.

What are the benefits of choosing your company?

Point out your successes with similar projects and provide references.

Binding: make certain that your proposal is bound in a professional manner and submit several copies so that decision-makers can all have their own.

A word about the prose if you are not a good writer, get someone who is.

Here are some pointers: find out who the decision-maker is before you write the letter.

It should be addressed to that individual.

Your opening paragraph should catch their attention quickly.

The next paragraph should provide more detail about your product or service and describe how it saves money or is more efficient.

The third paragraph should speak to your qualifications.

How long have you been doing this?

Name past and current clients who have experienced cost savings and greater efficiency with your help.

Be certain that you have the approval of these clients to use their names, for they may be contacted.

Closing paragraph should be short and give some call to action.

Either ask them to call you or tell them you will call in a few days for an appointment.

This site is made available for educational purposes only as well as to give you general information about business practices and strategy, not to provide specific business advice.

Think about what ties the work together.

Before sitting down to write your exhibition proposal, ask the venue if they have a particular exhibition proposal format they prefer.

If they do, follow their instructions.

You will have to judge what is appropriate for your situation.

Personalize your cover letter with the correct name and spelling of the manager, exhibitions director, or curator.

I like to begin cover letters with an acknowledgement that i know something about the recipient.

For a small show, include all of the works you plan on showing.

For a larger show, you can use a sample of 10-20 images as long as the images are representative of the entire exhibition.

I hope you see how the process of writing an exhibition proposal can be a valuable start to a successful exhibition.

Once accepted, you will need a written agreement that outlines the terms between you and the venue and a plan for executing all that you have promised.

I was just sitting down to write this and here you are.

So how do you get the show before the art?

Does the venue approach you first?

There must be some concept involved.

For exhibition proposals, i send copies of my paintings but state that the body of work that will be shown in the exhibition may not contain all of the paintings sent and that other paintings will be added but they will be in the same style, etc.

I do this because while i am waiting for a reply or if the exhibit is more than a month away, those paintings could be put in another exhibition or could be purchased by the time of the proposed exhibit.

Thank you for this helpful post.

Estimating the space required in square or linear feet is the part i would tend to leave out because i dislike mathematics.

Linda: no, this is something you need to learn to do because the venue needs to know if they have the space for your work.

Should you expect to foot the bill for marketing?

Just curious, as this is the modus operandi of one of my local venues.

You should expect to do a lot of your own marketing, but a nonprofit space should have a budget for, say, postcards to their members and advertising.

The important thing with any venue is to realize that you are the person who cares about the success of the exhibition.

Thank you for this article, alyson.

There is a local location, a pretty big garden that also have a gallery that exhibit garden related artworks, that i want to propose.

They used to be very casual and the quality of art varies.

Only this month, they have their gallery revised, instead of managing it themselves, they have invited a gallery owner to manage their gallery.

When i have 20 or so floral still life paintings, i may very well approach them and pitch for an exhibition.

I just talked with a gallery director in chicago on a similar subjec what galleries are looking for in an artist.

What would you suggest i do?

Who do i charge commission to?

Would the exhibitor pay for travel, lodging expenses?

Hello, i am part of a live art exhibit taking place in february 2015.

I wanted some feedback on art pricing.

I will be painting as a live artist at the event and will be selling my works.

I wanted to know what suggestions you may have on what to charge for my paintings.

I wanted help on a price range because i plan to sell my pieces in future solo shows.

I appreciate your input and advice.

Cover letter personalize your cover letter with the correct name and spelling of the manager, exhibitions director, or curator.

Thank the recipient for considering your proposal.

Document the meat of your proposal is a document that outlines the particulars of the exhibition.

Describe the exhibition contents and curatorial thesis in 3-4 sentences.

List the artists, if others are to be included.

Provide a complete inventory of works to be shown.

Estimate the space required in square or linear feet and any expenses that might be incurred by the venue.

Images finally, include images of your art in the proposal.

Alyson stanfield july 29, 2014 at 7:52 am you know where to find it when you need it, michelle.

Alys myers july 28, 2014 at 12:52 pm perfect timing!

Alyson stanfield july 29, 2014 at 7:52 am love that!

The venue needs to know that you have thought it out and can deliver what you promise.

Joyce wynes july 28, 2014 at 9:25 pm for exhibition proposals, i send copies of my paintings but state that the body of work that will be shown in the exhibition may not contain all of the paintings sent and that other paintings will be added but they will be in the same style, etc.

I imagine that it would be perfectly fine.

Linda schmidt july 28, 2014 at 9:57 pm thank you for this helpful post.

Alyson stanfield july 29, 2014 at 7:51 am linda: no, this is something you need to learn to do because the venue needs to know if they have the space for your work.

Ani todd smith august 1, 2014 at 10:54 am thanks for that formula!

Alyson stanfield july 31, 2014 at 9:07 am linda: it is not typical for a nonprofit space in the u.

Lucy chen august 2, 2014 at 8:24 pm thank you for this article, alyson.

Alyson stanfield august 4, 2014 at 8:13 am i would love to see your work up in a solo show, lucy.

Grayson august 6, 2014 at 2:36 pm nice one.

My situation is a little different.

I want connect the two and charge a commission.

Eric ross january 15, 2015 at 2:35 pm hello, i am part of a live art exhibit taking place in february 2015.

Last month i was fortunate enough to spend some time talking with tom sant, world s top expert on proposal writing.

This post contains his update on proposal-writing trends, along with other guidance he s given me in the past.

The purpose of the proposal is to make a persuasive case that leads to a sale.

If this is the first time the customer has heard of you, your proposal will be thrown out.

If the customer provided a template for the proposal, proposals that don t follow that template will be thrown out.

If the executive summary does not define the problem correctly or propose a reasonable solution, the proposal will be thrown out.

Of the proposals that met the minimum as defined above, the one that wins will be the one that provides the most value.

These may be quite different from the criteria and decision-makers defined in a request for proposal rfp.

If your proposal will be evaluated by both engineers and accountants, for instance, you ll need to understand both, and be able to communicate with both.

This consists of advertising, social networking, public relations, sponsoring conferences, sending speakers to conferences, publishing newsletters, and so forth.

This consists of establishing recognition through sales calls, customer meetings, emails, notes, texts, and phone calls.

It is a summary of the basic issues, the proposed solution, and the promised results.

Write the body of the proposal.

If so, follow that structure exactly.

According to sant, decisions are usually made based on the executive summary, but failing to follow a template automatically disqualifies you, regardless.

There should be no obvious grammatical errors and an absolute minimum of typographical errors.

If boilerplate standardized material from other proposals is included, it must be carefully customized to match the customer s own situation.

Many proposals have been thrown out simply because the proposal-writer left the name of one of the customer s competitors in a paragraph lifted from an old proposal.

I use pure-text, but i m sure there are other services that are almost as good.

To get your sales message critiqued for free, subscribe to his free weekly sales source newsletter.

The opinions expressed here by inc.

A proposal is a sales tool not an information packet.

To win the business, your proposal must overcome the following hurdles:the proposal will not win if you fail to uncover the customer s true decision criteria and decision-makers.

You must therefore research the customer-preferably be interviewing people in the various groups involved in the decision-to understand what s really going on.

Please note that different groups will likely have different takes on what s needed and will use different terms to describe the situation.

Your proposal will be thrown out unless you ve done marketing and sales activities that establish recognition in the mind of the decision-maker.

There are two ways to do this:create a public presence.

Now that you ve done your research and laid the groundwork, brainstorm the client s situation and your own approach to helping them.

Use these questions to get the discussion started:contrary to popular belief, the executive summary is not a summary of the contents of the proposal.

Effective executive summaries are structured like this:read more: how to write an executive summarythe body contains detailed explanations of how you will do the work, the people involved, your prior successful experience you have in this area, previous customers you ve help on similar projects, and evidence of your core competency and financial stability.

In many cases, the customer will have already defined the structure of the proposal or provided a template.

Appearance is as important as content.

Be extremely careful to edit any passages that might contain the names of other companies for which the boilerplate was used in the past.

If you re serious about a proposal, i highly recommend that, in addition to doing your own in-house editing, you hire an independent copyeditor to go over the entire proposal.

You may hit the refresh button to update the results.

Also, unlifting a result that was lifted or unexcluding a result that was excluded when the result was originally returned from a search may not appear in the correct position until after saving and refreshing.

If you do not have express consent to use an image, do not post it.

You agree to be held responsible for any infringement claim made with respect to any image you post to inc.

Our editors have created them to help you find advice and information on the topics you care most about.

Zipcode today s must reads startup inc.

Newslettersour editors have created them to help you find advice and information on the topics you care most about.

Today s must reads the news from all over the web entrepreneurs need to know now.

Startup news, trends, and tactics to help you launch your business idea today.

Enter your email to reset your password or sign up using: new member?

Sign in if you re already registered.

By geoffrey james geoffrey james, a contributing editor for inc.

Understand the concept a proposal is a sales tool not an information packet.

To win the business, your proposal must overcome the following hurdles: do i know who this is?

The remaining steps provide a method for creating a proposal that overcomes all four hurdles.

The proposal will not win if you fail to uncover the customer s true decision criteria and decision-makers.

Use these questions to get the discussion started: what is the customer s problem or issue?

Why is this problem important to them?

What parts of the business are affected by this problem?

What corporate goals are not being achieved due to this problem?

How will the customer measure the success of the solution?

Of these success measures, which is most important to them?

How will we do this work?

What proof can we offer that we are qualified and competent?

What quantitative promise value proposition are we willing to make?

How can we demonstrate that the value we propose to offer is credible?

Contrary to popular belief, the executive summary is not a summary of the contents of the proposal.

Effective executive summaries are structured like this: problem, need, or goal.

Read more: how to write an executive summary 6.

The body contains detailed explanations of how you will do the work, the people involved, your prior successful experience you have in this area, previous customers you ve help on similar projects, and evidence of your core competency and financial stability.

Sign up to subscribe to email alerts and you ll never miss a post.

I am looking to engage an experienced product concept writer and market research expert to do the following project: i am looking to launch a line of sports nutrition supplements catering to the needs of bodybuilders, athletes, and general fitness enthusiasts.

I will provide you with some high level conceptual ideas including the product main benefits and differentiator.

The paper will be used to initiate a partnership with a contract manufacturer and a crowd funding campaign management agency.

The paper needs to sell the idea to both of the partners this is where your copywriting skills will be utilized.

Kindly do not depend only on me to provide you with all the information instead you must take my idea and do your own research and use your common sense to develop the concept and financial projections.

You must do proper research by yourself and expect very minimal info contribution from the employer.

I believe that your strength is in a really personal approach to the product concept and must always try to analyse the situation and develop a strong content.

Experience in preparing winning product concept designs and business feasibility proposals is desired.

Contact: please mention your interest by sending a brief bio no more than 1 page, and please also send any previous sample concept papers to illustrate that you can do the job with adequate guidance and support.

Link to existing freelancer account the email address is already associated with a freelancer account.

Financials revenue and ebit summary for first 12 months 8.

Time: 5 days for the first drafts contact: please mention your interest by sending a brief bio no more than 1 page, and please also send any previous sample concept papers to illustrate that you can do the job with adequate guidance and support.

When writing an event proposal the amount of detail required will depend on the scale and importance of the event.

However event proposals generally share many common components.

The information that event proposals should convey includes but is not limited to the following:it is important to provide the reader of the event proposal with an overview of what the event is about.

Some events need very little explaining because they are commonplace.

However, it is unwise to rely on the title of the event alone to explain it purpose.

In providing an overview for the reader, it may be important to describe the main participant target groups, the main goals to be achieved in running the event and, if the event is somewhat unusal, one or two sentences that provide the reader with mental picture of what the event will be.

A more full description of the event program is dealt with separately see below.

The organisation or entity bidding for the event should extol its experience and capability.

It is crucial that whoever assesses the bids firmly believes the bidding organisation will be able to put on a good show.

The proposal should contain succinct information about the event management experience of the proposed event team.

If experience in staging events is limited then it is useful to mention any managerial, project management or co-ordination experience in any other field.

Qualifications of persons in the event management team may also prove useful to mention.

The reader of the proposal will want to know whether the venue is suitable for the event.

The proposal should outline all facilities available at the venue, everything from toilets to car-parking.

For indoor events, the type of surface, lighting, air-conditioning, seating, electronic equipment should be well described.

For outdoor events, the level of maintenance on turf, seating and shading for spectators, fencing, drainage and floodlighting is worthy of mention.

It is often worthwhile to include a map or floor diagram.

Photographs of key features of the venue may assist.

There needs to be a detailed description of what would be attractive to event goers and how the venue will fully cater for the needs of the event, including performers, officials and spectators.

Don t forget to include information about public transport to the venue, and car parking for those who arrive by car.

It is often the case that the host club or organisation has little or no say in setting the competition program when the date, or dates have been set by the sport governing body.

However, at the initial stage of bidding, the event proposal may suggest a competition program in terms of the number of days, and the start and finish times each day.

It is important for decision makers to know how many hours a day the venue is available.

It is worthwhile to consider that the program should also include ceremonial events with visiting dignitaries who may make speeches or present awards furthermore the event bidding team can proposed entertainment extras that may start or finish the program or fill any gaps.

The club or organisation bidding for the event should draft a budget of probable income and expenditure.

It is important that such a budget is realistic and therefore some care and consideration needs to be given to suggesting sponsors that have not yet formalized any sponsorship agreement.

The event budget should not show a loss when all projected income and expenditure has been taken into account.

The club or organisation that wins the bid may be entitled to an amount of funding from the sport governing body to alleviate certain costs that will likely be incurred.

However, there is also an expectancy that the host club or organisation will have an opportunity to make money through the canteen, bar, fundraising raffles and merchandising.

These forms of income should be reflected in the budget in the event proposal.

Obtain a template for writing an event proposal.

The information that event proposals should convey includes but is not limited to the following: description of the event experience of the event bidder venue and facilities offered the event program the proposed event budget description of the event it is important to provide the reader of the event proposal with an overview of what the event is about.

Experience of the event bidder the organisation or entity bidding for the event should extol its experience and capability.

The proposal should also describe any training that will be given to event volunteers.

Venue and facilities offered the reader of the proposal will want to know whether the venue is suitable for the event.

If the venue has staged similar events in the past, you should make mention of this.

The event program it is often the case that the host club or organisation has little or no say in setting the competition program when the date, or dates have been set by the sport governing body.

The proposed event budget the club or organisation bidding for the event should draft a budget of probable income and expenditure.

More information on event budgeting obtain a template for writing an event proposal.

Proposals are usually sought on a yearly basisso keep up-to-date with your local arts community website, or contact galleries directly to find out closing dates for proposal applications.

Most galleries require you to submit a resume, artist statement, exhibition proposal, and portfolio.

The gallery will want to see that you will be able to bring visitors their way.

List your contact details, including your website and online art shop.

List your most recent achievements and experience first, then follow in descending order.

This is not a document to showcase your creativity and design skills.

Focus on the content of the resume above all.

You will probably need short 50-100 words and long 500 words artist statements.

Write the long one first, then distill it down to its essential points.

This document tells the gallery what you plan to achieve with their space and helps them to decide if your exhibition concept is a good fit for the gallery.

Your proposal should consist of a written explanation of the concept behind your exhibition, plus at least 12 images to accompany the written report.

Just make sure to get a handle on your overarching concept before you begin the proposal, and then follow the suggestions above to finish each task.

Perhaps that s not a question you ve heard a lot as an artist.

Perhaps you think it s a silly question.

Perhaps you think your story is obviousvisible in your work.

The truth is, collectors and fans want more than just the artwork.

They want to know you, the artist who created something that resonated with them.

Collectors don t just buy art because they.

Join us to save big on art supplies or try our easy websites for artists.

Learn to draw from life:improve your art skills with these drawing techniques.

Artist paintbrush guide:information and advice on buying oil paint brushes.

Building stretcher bars:learn how to make your own canvas stretcher bars.

Cleaning paint brushes:step by step instructions for cleaning oil paintbrushes.

Please enable javascript in your browser settings then try again.

Emptyeasel on youtubeemptyeasel on twitteree on stumbleuponmyartspace blog interviewfoliotwist artist websites review by graham matthews googletag.

We love publishing reader-submitted art tutorials, stories, and even reviews.

A business proposal is the most important part of your entire venture.

To learn about starting your own business try this online course: how to start a business.

Here is a sample business proposal for an organic food retailer.

You can tailor this for your business.

This is your chance to grab the attention of the reader in the most concise and informational summary you can muster.

Never let this run over one page long.

Also, do not write this portion until after you have done everything else, all research, all numbers crunched and the entire packet completed.

Our mission is to provide a healthy and sustainable food option for our consumers.

Yampa valley naturals was founded in 2012 by maya stone and joseph yebcavich.

We are a home based business seeking a permanent commercial location for retail and wholesale purposes.

Our products are organic treats such as breads, granolas, jams and mushrooms that serve the population of the yampa valley and beyond.

We are colorado proud certified, part of the main street chamber of commerce and have all necessary permits to operate legally within routt county.

The founders of yvn have years of experience in running successful businesses, overcoming difficult obstacles and advocating for the organic and gmo-free food scene.

Combined, maya and joseph have 10 years of mushroom growing, bread baking and retail experience.

Maya served on the city council in va for sustainable food committee and joseph is a representative of the sustainability council in steamboat springs, co.

There is also a kickstarter campaign active to aid us in this process.

To become an entrepreneur it takes a lot of hard work and dedication.

You will reach hurdles on your journey but you need to learn how to tactfully overcome them.

This entrepreneur training course can help you.

Company goals and objectives business philosophy: the phrase is also an acronym for slo food which is a movement to counter the ever-so-popular fast food world we live in.

Slo food encompasses not only how your food is grown and where you buy it, but where and how you enjoy it, too.

Slo food intends to remind people to just slow down.

Industry description the food industry is forever growing, changing and adapting to the demands of the consumer.

In recent years there has been an exponential growth in the organic food market.

Consumers are becoming more aware of what they are ingesting and how important it is to choose preservative free and pesticide free products.

The organic industry is on the rise as sale trends show for 2012.

Furthermore, according to the usda economic research service, organic food products are still gaining ground in conventional supermarkets as well as natural foods markets, and organic sales accounted for more than 3.

We anticipate this positive growth to continue in coming years.

Describe in depth your products or services in this part of the business proposal.

Include advantages and disadvantages you have over the competition.

We dedicate a tremendous amount of time to research to ensure the best organic, gmo-free ingredients in all of our products.

This sets us apart from our competitors as no other business in town produces sustainable, local and organic packaged food.

Living in the yampa valley can have its setbacks in the agriculture and product creation sector due to our rather remote and high-altitude location.

Obtaining certain ingredients is already problematic but we need to again dramatically narrow our search to meet our high standards of organic and gmo-free ingredients.

First, include a section on economics here.

Because this is drastically different for every industry, we have not include an example here.

However, here are some of the questions you should seek to answer with your economics section:start-ups have a bit more of a challenge when writing the business plan.

Improve your chances of success by taking this business plan for start-ups course.

Next, include a section about customers.

Identify your targeted customers, their characteristics, and their geographic locations, otherwise known as their demographics.

Customersour target customers range from young to old and they will primarily be residents of routt county, co.

Our products cater to the sweet tooth of kids, the health nut to the diabetic elderly.

There is one important theme here and that is: s.

Our most popular customer groups will most likely be steamboat springs residents with at least a middle-range income.

Typically these customers will be eco-conscious or health-conscious citizens and could very well be in the education, health, or food sector.

You should also include a section on your competitors.

List major competitors by name in this section if possible.

There are local farms that produce fresh herbs, but this is only a small portion of our entire product inventory.

Insofar, we have seen no signs of local gourmet mushroom farmers or any local organic foodservice companies.

Restaurants in town primarily carry big name organic foods in their shops and we intend to become the new local source for high-quality organic products at the retail, wholesale and foodservice levels.

For a lot of steamboat residents, locally produced foods are more appealing than ones produced from corporations.

These people are our target market and we have no true competitors at this moment.

How will you get the work out to customers?

Include this information in the next section.

You should include not just direct promotional strategies, but also branding strategies and budget information.

Promotioncurrently we are relying heavily on word-of-mouth.

Our business financial structure right now cannot hold as many clients as we are receiving inquiries from which is why we are seeking a loan.

Once we are able to aptly expand our operations we intend to use local print media newspaper, other publications, social media, email, flyers and our previous product exposure at local businesses.

Yampa valley naturals is reserved, yet hip, organic and sustainable, small town gig.

We seek to portray a contemporary and simultaneously back country feel with our products.

They are sleek, yet cozy and familiar yet exotic.

If we manage to make our customers feel any of these then we are on the right track.

Promotional budgetmonthly spending really depends on our sales.

We anticipate approximately 1 shipment of paper a month, 1 shipment of business cards every 6 months.

Our prices are comparable to a bit higher than our competitors.

After much research we have realized that because our products are primarily made with organic, gmo-free and local ingredients.

We do not have any direct competitors in steamboat springs that produce and package their own organic and local foods for sale.

We have already see our customers make their decision on the quality of our product over the price.

We have driven the prices up considerably and have actually seen an increase in our sales.

Here is also a startup expenses worksheet to use.

This part will be most scrutinized by anyone considering giving you money.

Explain the daily operation of the business, its location, equipment, people, processes, and surrounding environment.

Productionwe are producing our products in our home kitchen currently.

We intend on producing all products on site once we obtain a certified commercial kitchen and retail space.

We plan to keep a tight rein on inventory by implementing monthly inventory checks and will adjust our methods on a regular basis accordingly.

Locationwe started off as a cottage kitchen business working out of our home kitchen.

We now operate out of a commercial kitchen in town, use our home mailing address as our business location and our products are sold via events, farmers markets, third party, and on our website.

Our ideal location is a small shop off of the main street.

Oak street, which runs parallel to lincoln ave.

There is ample street parking and rent is cheaper.

Legal environmentyampa valley naturals has already obtained a city sales tax license, a state sales tax license, a wholesale and retail manufacturer license and insurance through mountain west insurance agency.

We have no trademarks and are unsure as to zoning at this point as our location is still to be determined.

We have factored in these salaries into our forecasts.

If we do bring on employees there will be extensive training required to ensure that our product quality and customer service is always consistent.

We will not offer health insurance.

For more in depth information about how to complete a full business plan, forecasts and all, check out this easy online course: writing a business plan draft.

There is also a great article on how to write a winning proposal.

Executive summarythis is your chance to grab the attention of the reader in the most concise and informational summary you can muster.

Local, because stimulating the local economy is good for you, good for me and good for the other members of your community.

It creates a healthy atmosphere for thriving business and happy people.

Organic, because eating products that are pesticide and preservative free is crucial to your health.

The phrase is also an acronym for slo food which is a movement to counter the ever-so-popular fast food world we live in.

Products and servicesdescribe in depth your products or services in this part of the business proposal.

Marketing planfirst, include a section on economics here.

However, here are some of the questions you should seek to answer with your economics section:what is the total size of your market?

Is there a current demand for your product?

Are there any barriers you face to being successful as a start-up?

Start-ups have a bit more of a challenge when writing the business plan.

Filed under: business, studentstop udemy courses:top java coursestop python coursestop excel courseslearn excel with this gif tutorialbecome a web developer from scratch!

Getting from researching and thinking about initial ideas to a well conceived, written proposal is going to take work.

This will help to flesh-out ideas, and articulate them in a way that is external to you.

Pushing your ideas through such processes helps to clarify them and hone them into a form which may be easier to communicate.

Do not be afraid to use simple language, but you can write in a style that uses industry language arts language.

Language should be natural to you and the concept you are communicating.

You can write in a way that expresses creatively your ideas and resonates with concepts and you may find you write best when your personality can come through.

Remember who will be reading it and make sure it is comprehensible there may be people there who are not be as specialist as you.

Keeping references, footnotes, and appendices for dense, complex, and theoretical information keeps the weight of the document without slowing down a more general understanding.

Greystones educate together national school appointed a voluntary committee with relevant expertise to oversee the per cent for art commissioning process.

The procurement route chosen was limited invited competition.

An arts council initiative supported by the department of arts, heritage and the gaeltacht publicart.

Opportunities per cent for art commission gaelscoil dara 28 february 2017 focus on traces greystones educate together national school appointed a voluntary committee with relevant expertise to oversee the per cent for art commissioning process.

Commissioningcommissioning processfundingpreparing a proposalchecklist writing artist statementcreative conceptcvmanaging the commissionfaq an arts council initiative supported by the department of arts, heritage and the gaeltacht department of arts,sports and tourism an roinn ealaion,spoirt agus turasoireachta google.

Published on oct 16, 2011 clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation.

Also include any facts and figures.

If so, list their names and indicate how this one.

How will it stand out from what has gone before?

Also indicate whether the game requires or can make opt.

Most dice used in games are the standard cubical dice num.

Many board games involve the movement of playing tokens.

How these tokens are allowed to move, and when, i.

Resource management involves the players establi.

Show more views total views actions shares embeds 0 no embeds no notes for slide writing a gaming proposal 1.

Requirementstitle high concept-a brief description of the gamepitch-a one page document describing the game s selling points and potential profitabilityconceptexplanation of the game s genregame s premiseproject s scope and learning objectivesdescription of the target audienceplay mechanics and game play descriptionthematic conceptsdescription of the game s environmentdevelopment of characters additional deliverables appendixinitial game-design documentnarrative treatment and possibly some sketches for game playflowcharts for one level of playconcept artdesign of the game board if applicable 4.

Noirezumba fitnessjust dancecall of duty: black ops a game c.

High concept-a brief description of the game a game concept statement, or premise, is a short, direct description of the situation of a game.

It describes the player s goal, the opposition to that goal, and the means through which that goal will be accomplished.

They must escape by destroying adversarial monsters, avoiding traps, and solving the maze.

Trick or treat is a third person perspective action game.

Pitch-a one page document describing the game s selling points and potential profitability player motivationgenrelicensetarget customer competitionunique selling pointstarget hardwaredesign goals player motivationthis is a short statemen.

Player motivationthis is a short statement that indicates what the player is trying to accomplish in the gamehis role and goal.

This helps indicate what sort of person the player is.

He can be driven by a desire to compete, to solve puzzles, to explore, or whatever.

Indicate the genre of the game, or if it is a.

If you intend for the game to exploit a lice.

Target customerwhat kind of person will b.

Target customerwhat kind of person will buy this game?

Are there already games on the market li.

If so, list their names and indicate how this one is different or better than they are.

Tell what machine the game is intend.

Also indicate whether the game requires or can make optional use of any special hardware or accessories.

In this section, list your aims for th.

Are you trying to provide pulse-pounding excitement?

For each item, indicate in a sentence or two how the game will achieve thegoal.

Concept explanation of the game s genre 16.

Project s scope and learning objectives 20.

Description of the target audience 21.

Play mechanics and game play description 22.

Description of the game s environment explanation o.

Development of characters explanation of the game s genrean action game requires players to use quick reflexes, accuracy, and timing to overcome obstacles.

It is perhaps the most basic of gaming genres, and certainly one of the broadest.

Action games tend to have gameplay with emphasis on combat.

There are many subgenres of action games, such as fighting games and first-person shooters.

Fighting games emphasize one-on-one combat between two charactersmaze games have a playing field that is entirely a maze, which players must navigate.

Quick thinking and fast reaction times are encouraged by the use of a timer, monsters obstructing the player s way, or multiple players racing to the finish.

Platform games platformers are a subgenre of action game.

These games involve traveling between platforms by jumping very occasionally other means are substituted for jumping, like survival horror games focus on fear a.

Genres continuedsurvival horror games focus on fear and attempt to scare the player via traditional horror fiction elements such as atmospherics, death, the undead, blood and gore.

Graphic adventure games emerged as graphics became more common.

Adventure games began to supplement and later on replace textual descriptions with visuals.

A visual novel is an adventure game featuring mostly static graphics, usually with anime-style art.

Most cast the player in the role of one or more adventurers who specialize in specific skill sets such as melee combat or casting magic spells while progressing through a predetermined storyline.

In city-building games the player acts as overall planner or leader to meet the needs and wants of game characters by initiating structures for food, shelter, health, spiritual care, economic growth, etc.

Success is achieved when the city budget makes a growing profit and citizens experience an upgraded lifestyle in housing, health, and goods.

Business simulation games generally attempt to simulate an economy or business, with the player controlling the economy of the game.

A government simulation game or pol.

Genres continueda government simulation game or political game involves the simulation of the policies, government or politics of a country, but typically excludes warfare.

Life simulation games or artificial life games involve living or controlling one or more artificial lives.

A life simulation game can revolve around individuals and relationships, or it could be a simulation of an ecosystem.

Pet-raising simulations or digital pets focus more on the relationship between the player and one or few life formsvehicle simulation games are a genre of video games which attempt to provide the player with a realistic interpretation of operating various kinds of vehicles.

Genres continuedracing games typically place the player in the driver s seat of a high-performance vehicle and require the player to race against other drivers or sometimes just time.

Space flight simulator games are a sub-genre that involve piloting a spacecraft.

Space simulators are different from other sub-genres, and are not generally considered to be simulators, as their simulated objects do not always exist and often disregard the laws of physics.

Strategy video games focus on gameplay requiring careful and skillful thinking and planning in order to achieve victory.

Music games most commonly challenge the player to follow sequences of movement or develop specific rhythms.

Party games are video games developed.

Genres continuedparty games are video games developed specifically for multiplayer games between many players.

Puzzle games require the player to solve logic puzzles or navigate complex locations such as mazes.

Sports games emulate the playing of traditional physical sports.

Trivia games are growing in popularity, especially on mobile phones where people may only have a few minutes to play the game.

Source: wikipedia the premise: an italian plumber travels.

Game s premisethe premise: an italian plumber travels through a brightly-colored fantasy world collecting coins and mushrooms.

He crushes turtles and goombas essentially brown, waddling monstrosities to death in order to rescue a princess from being raped by a dinosaur who pilots an airship.

Project s scope and learning objectivesstatement of what a player will understand or learn during the game and at the end of the game.

Provide a bullet list of objectives.

Description of the target audience game mechanics fall into several more.

Game mechanics game mechanics fall into several more or less well-defined categories, which along with basic gameplay and theme are sometimes used as a basis to classify games.

A game turn is an important fundamental concept.

Turnsa game turn is an important fundamental concept to almost all non-computer games, and many video games as well although in video games, various real-time genres have become much more popular.

In general, a turn is a segment of the game set aside for certain actions to happen before moving on to the next turn, where the sequence of events can largely repeat.

These control what players may do on th.

These points may be spent performing various actions according to the game rules, such as moving pieces, drawing cards, collecting money, etc.

Some games use an auction or biddi.

Auction or bidding some games use an auction or bidding system in which the players make competitive bids to determine which player gets the right to perform particular actions.

These involve the use of cards similar to playi.

In some games, the number of tokens.

In such games, it can be an important goal to capture opponent s tokens, meaning to remove them from the playing surface.

Some games include a mechanic designed to ma.

Catch-up some games include a mechanic designed to make progress towards victory more difficult the closer a player gets to it.

The idea behind this is to allow trailing players a chance to catch up and potentially still win the game, rather than suffer an inevitable loss once they fall behind.

This may be desirable in games such as racing games that have a fixed finish line.

These involve the use of dice, usually as randomi.

Dicethese involve the use of dice, usually as randomisers.

Most dice used in games are the standard cubical dice numbered from 1 to 6, though games with polyhedral dice or dice marked with symbols other than numbers exist.

Many board games involve the movement of pl.

How these tokens are allowed to move, and when, is governed by movement mechanics.

Resource management many games involve the management of resources.

Resource management involves the players establishing relative values for various types of available resources, in the context of the current state of the game and the desired outcome i.

The game will have rules that determine how players can increase, spend, or exchange their various resources.

The skillful management of resources under such rules allows players to influence the outcome of the game.

Some games include situations where p.

Risk and reward some games include situations where players can press their luck in optional actions where the danger of a risk must be weighed against the chance of reward.

For example, in beowulf: the legend, players may elect to take a risk , with success yielding cards and failure weakens player s ultimate chance of victory.

Role-playing role-playing games often rely on mechanics that determine the effectiveness of in-game actions by how well the player acts out the role of a fictional character.

Many games use tiles flat, rigid pieces.

Tile-laying many games use tiles flat, rigid pieces of a regular shape that can be laid down on a flat surface to form a tessellation.

Usually such tiles have patterns or symbols on their surfaces that combine when tessellated to form game-mechanically significant combinations.

Victory condition mechanicsthese mechanics control how a player wins the game.

This is the most general sort of victory conditi.

Goalsthis is the most general sort of victory condition, which can be broad enough to encompass any method of winning, but here refers to game-specific goals that are usually not duplicated in other games.

An example is the checkmate of a king in chess.

Some games feature a losing condition,

Loss avoidance some games feature a losing condition, such as being checkmated chess, running out of cards first war, running out of hitpoints quake, or being tagged tag.

In such a game, the winner is the only remaining player to have successfully avoided loss.

Some games with capture mechanics a.

Piece elimination some games with capture mechanics are won by the player who removes all, or a given number of, the opponents playing pieces.

Some games end when a player guesses.

Puzzle guessing some games end when a player guesses or solves by logic the answer to a puzzle or riddle posed by the game.

The player who guesses successfully wins.

Races many simple games and some complex ones are effectively races.

The first player to advance one or more tokens to or beyond a certain point on the board wins.

The goal of a structure building g.

Structure building the goal of a structure building game is to acquire and assemble a set of game resources into either a defined winning structure, or into a structure that is somehow better than those of other players.

In some games, the acquisition is of primary importance e.

Territory controla winner may be decided by which player controls the most territory on the playing surface, or a specific piece of territory.

This is common in wargames, but is also used in more abstract games such as go.

A player s progress is often measured.

Victory points a player s progress is often measured by an abstract quantity of victory points, which accumulate as the game develops.

The winner can be decided either by:the first player to reach a set number of points.

The player with the most points at a predetermined finishing time or state of the game.

Development of characters initial game-design document 57.

Additional deliverablesinitial game-design documentnarrative treatment and sketches for game playflowcharts for one level of playconcept artdesign of the game board if applicable when a game is commissioned by a.

See examples on gaming assignment sheet.

Narrative treatment and sketches by henry jenkins.

At a recent academic games studies conference, for example, a blood feud threatened to erupt between the self-proclaimed ludologists, who wanted to see the focus shift onto the mechanics of game play, and the narratologists, who were interested in studying games alongside other storytelling media.

The design of the game board 64.

We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.

The following project proposal outline is in a generic format so it can be applied to several kinds of circumstances and projects.

As you sit down to write your own document keep in mind that although some details will necessarily change to accommodate your particular project type, scope, and industry, the general structure is more or less the same for any kind of project proposal.

Included in each section are also a few tips and examples to help you produce a proposal that is clear, accurate, and focused.

This section is meant to provide a overall picture of the project that can be seen at a glance as well as convey important project details.

Be sure to include their name, title, role in the project, as well as phone numbers and email addressesthe goal of this section is to present the reasons for doing this project as well as stating all of the project s objectives.

In this section in particular it is very important to write concisely and clearly.

Some project professionals even suggest writing the project summary last.

Before you begin writing you should be able to answer the following questions:1.

You should also provide a brief setting and history behind the project.

This section should be no more than a page.

Include references to supporting documentation, such as research papers and articles.

This information can be placed in the index at the end.

This sections details the plan for how the project objectives will be achieved.

It usually starts with a description of the overall approach.

Then it provides details on methodology, the population being addressed, and how anticipated problems will be managed.

Include how the project team will be organized, what development and collaboration tools will be used, and how the plan will be updated along the way.

Make a list of tasks that will be performed for this project, make sure the list is detailed enough and the tasks broken down enough to expose risks and make reasonable estimates in man hours required.

You may want to include a milestone chart in this section.

For a great example of a project schedule, go here.

Make sure to include a description of the deliverable and an estimated delivery date.

This section details the major project risks and delineates the plans to alleviate or control them.

Make sure to address each risk s likelihood of occurring as well as its impact on the project and the organization.

In this section you will need to estimate the overall cost of the project.

Make sure to also include any overhead costs called indirect costs that will be associated with the project.

In this section you should try to tie up all the above information in a short summary that explains the potential value of the project and emphasizes its feasibility.

This is where you should put additional charts, graphs, reports, etc.

Before you begin writing you should be able to answer the following questions: why are you doing this project?

How will you be doing it?

Objective 1 objective 2 objective 3 slide 4 of 8 project methodology this sections details the plan for how the project objectives will be achieved.

Are your projects delivering business value?

Understanding scope statements and scope creep project management templates, forms, and related resources an example of a risk management plan for use on any project how to write a scope statement with sample ms word template what is a risk register?

The european research council erc offers an additional funding initiative, open to researchers who have already been awarded an erc grant starting, consolidator, advanced or synergy.

The erc proof of concept poc scheme aims to bridge the gap between research and marketable innovation.

Erc grant holders can apply for additional funding in the erc poc scheme, in order to establish the innovation potential of ideas arising from their erc-funded frontier research projects.

The funding will cover activities at the very early stage of turning research outputs into a commercial or socially valuable proposition, i.

The erc poc funding is made available only to those who already have an erc awarded to establish proof of concept of an idea that was generated in the course of their erc-funded projects.

The maximum duration of the erc poc grants is up to 18 months and a maximum of eur 150.

The structure of your proposal will help to guide the reviewers, who are typically not familiar with the technology.

The reviewer will judge your proposal on the feasibility plan, not the underlying science, so there is no need for lengthy scientific descriptions.

Furthermore:are you wondering if you should apply for a erc poc grant?

If you need advice or would like us to write your application, you can contact us.

We are always happy to answer any questions.

Additional funding for erc grantees erc grant holders can apply for additional funding in the erc poc scheme, in order to establish the innovation potential of ideas arising from their erc-funded frontier research projects.

Our tips for writing a successful erc poc grant proposal fit it is important to make sure your project fits the erc poc programme, i.

Examples include: new medical devices, new therapies, platform technologies, ivds, robotic systems, research tools.

Framework the structure of your proposal will help to guide the reviewers, who are typically not familiar with the technology.

Write the reviewer will judge your proposal on the feasibility plan, not the underlying science, so there is no need for lengthy scientific descriptions.

It featured 6 ceramic artists, and was curated and proposed by carole epp.

As a practicing artist i know firsthand how stressful and intimidating the application process can be.

The most difficult part i have found in my experience is the written proposal.

The first step i take is to decide which galleries i am applying to.

I print off their requirements and create separate folders for each gallery submission.

Typically most galleries will ask for four things to complete a submission: a disk of 10-20 images and a corresponding image list, a cv curriculum vitae, an artist statement, and a written proposal.

In this blog post i want to focus on the artist statement and the proposal.

First, one should know the difference between the two.

Your artist statement is an explanation of your work, process, and inspiration surrounding your art practice and the proposed exhibition.

Start by considering who is reading the statement: is it a contemporary, fine craft, or fine art gallery?

By knowing who you are addressing, you can mold your statement to fit their requirements.

These are all important questions to answer within your artist statement.

This can sometimes inspire you or help you to answer questions about your artwork that you possibly had not thought of previously.

The written proposal is a detailed concept for an exhibition.

In this portion of your submission you will need to include the ideas behind your exhibition, how many works you intend to showcase, the specific requirements of how the show will be displayed or presented, if the works are two dimensional or three dimensional, etc.

It is also important to note again that each gallery will have different requirements for the proposal.

It is crucial to make sure you include everything that they ask for, or there is a possibility that they will not look at your proposal.

This is why i suggested creating a folder for each gallery exhibition proposal.

Print all of their requirements and use them as a check list or guideline as you gather all of the necessary documents.

Also, i have provided two links below that work well for those needing assistance with writing applications.

Another helpful tip that is not mentioned in the links provided is once you have finished your writing for the applications, have someone proof read your proposal.

Having another perspective looking through the application can help if you have missed something that might be helpful.

I wish you good luck with your proposal writing and hope this will provide some help.

Submit a comment cancel reply your email address will not be published.

Sheffield partner fairspartner fairs detailspostgraduate study fair, london postgraduate study fair, manchester postgraduate scholarships available for 2017phd scholarshipsscholarship winnersfunding your phd studyfunding your phd studyuk phd loansmsca phd fundingerasmus plus phd placementserasmus mundusphd study without a scholarshipworking while you studydisabled students allowance dsa for phd studentsfinding a phdwhat is a phd?

Phd rankingsphd faqswriting a research proposalchoosing a research projectphd eligibilityqualification equivalencieschoosing a phd supervisorcriteria for a phdmphil or phd?

Working with your supervisorwhat to expect from your supervisorphd study with a disabilityphds : what they don t tell youhow to write research papersis a phd worth it?

Non-academic careers with a phdwriting your dissertationwhen will you finish your phd?

Types of phdjoint phds: a guidethe mphilother types of doctoratespart-time phd studydba or phd?

Definition of a phdphd graduate entry testsoverviewenglish language testsgmatgredutch language testsfrench language testsgerman language testsitalian language testsjapanese language testsmandarin language testsportuguese language testsspanish language testshave you thought about studying for your phd abroad?

Studying your phd abroad studying phds in europe studying phds in america studying phds in asia studying phds in australasia studying phds in africa phd entry testspostgrad live!

Bristol partner fairspartner fairs detailspostgraduate study fair, london postgraduate study fair, manchester postgrad live!

A phd proposal is a an outline of your proposed project that is designed to:research proposals may vary in length, so it is important to check with the departments to which you are applying to check word limits and guidelines.

Generally speaking, a proposal should be around 3,000 words which you write as part of the application process.

Please bear in mind that phd programmes in the uk are designed to be completed in three years full time or six years part time.

Think very carefully about the scope of your research and be prepared to explain how you will complete it within this timeframe.

Research proposals are also used to assess your expertise in the area in which you want to conduct research, you knowledge of the existing literature and how your project will enhance it.

Moreover, they are used to assess and assign appropriate supervision teams.

We encourage you strongly to identify a prospective supervisor and get in touch with them to discuss your proposal informally before making a formal application, to ensure it is of mutual interest and to gain input on the design, scope and feasibility of your project.

Remember, however, that it may not be possible to guarantee that you are supervised by a specific academic.

Crucially, it is also an opportunity for you to communicate your passion in the subject area and to make a persuasive argument about what your project can accomplish.

Good phd proposals evolve as the work progresses.

It is normal for students to refine their original proposal in light of detailed literature reviews, further consideration of research approaches and comments received from the supervisors and other academic staff.

Please check carefully with each department to find out whether a specific template is provided or required.

In this section you should provide a short overview of your research and where it fits within the existing academic discourses, debates or literature.

Be as specific as possible in identifying influences or debates you wish to engage with, but try not to get lead astray into a long exegesis of specific sources.

Rather, the point is to sketch out the context into which your work will fit.

You should also use this section to make links between your research and the existing strengths of the department to which you are applying.

Visit appropriate websites to find out about existing research taking place in the department and how your project can complement this.

Be sure to establish a solid and convincing framework for your research in this section.

This should include:this section should discuss the texts which you believe are most important to the project, demonstrate your understanding of the research issues, and identify existing gaps both theoretical and practical that the research is intended to address.

This section should lay out, in clear terms, the way in which you will structure your research and the specific methods you will use.

Research design should include but is not limited to:a well developed methodology section is crucial, particularly if you intend to conduct significant empirical research.

Be sure to include specific techniques, not just your general approach.

Your references should provide the reader with a good sense of your grasp on the literature and how you can contribute to it.

Be sure to reference texts and resources that you think will play a large role in your analysis.

Rather, it should show critical reflection in the selection of appropriate texts.

Quite often, students who fit the minimum entrance criteria fail to be accepted as phd candidates as a result of weaknesses in the research proposal.

To avoid this, keep the following advice in mind:the following books are widely available from bookshops and libraries and may help in preparing your research proposal as well as in doing your research degree: bell, j.

This article is based on material originally published at the one hundred thousand words blog, used with kind permission.

Sheffieldpostgraduate study fair, londonpostgraduate study fair, manchesterresearch excellance framework ref results 2014studying your phd abroadstudying in europestudying in americastudying in asiastudying in australasiastudying in africaaustriabelgiumfinlandfrancegreecehungarymasters degrees in irelanditalynetherlandsnorwaypolandspainswitzerlandturkeystudying phds in the united kingdombrazilcanadajapanmalaysiasingaporesouth koreamain menuadvertise phdsabout findaphd.

Many commissioners never read past the first paragraph, or even the title.

On average, they make a decision within 40 seconds.

Usually that decision results in the proposal being filed in the bin.

So how can you make sure a commissioner keeps reading to the end of your proposal?

Here are ten ways to make your proposal stand out and keep your commissioner reading to the end.

A mistake that producers often make is to try to be too clever with their titles.

You can get so caught up with trying to come up with the perfect title that you never get round to pitching it, or worse, someone else pitches something similar before you do and get the commission.

Not only are these tittles good working titles they often end up as the final title.

To find yours, just describe what your programme is about.

Condense all the information a commissioning editor needs into the opening paragraph and gradually give more detail as the proposal progresses.

This inverted pyramid structure is a classic approach used in news journalism, the idea being that if a breaking news story comes in up against the deadline, the editor can create space by lopping off the ends of existing articles without harming them.

Your title is the first piece of information the commissioner will use to decide whether to read on.

Your first paragraph expands on the tagline and gives an overview of the overall narrative in general terms.

The mention of controversial teaching methods acts as a teaser, making the reader want to find out more.

If you have already negotiated access to a specific school, mention it.

What are the milestones and potential turning points?

Use short words and short sentences.

Cut it down so it fits on one page.

If the commissioner loves is and needs to see more they will ask.

Print out your proposal and put it to one side for at least a couple of hours, preferably overnight, before proofreading it.

Ask someone else to spot the typos and spelling mistakes that your eye has grown used to.

For a final sense check, ask someone who is unfamiliar with the project to read the proposal and tell you what the film is about.

Better to find out now than when sitting in front of someone important, as you might never get a second chance.

A carefully chosen image can really lift your proposal, bringing it to life by adding a splash of colour to a boring expanse of black and white text personally, i think a photo is essential.

A striking image makes your proposal more memorable and easier to spot if your commissioner is trying to find it amongst a pile of papers.

Flickr has lots of interesting images that can be downloaded for free under the creative commons license choose photos that are licensed to use for commercial purposes.

If you are, or are working with an award-winning director, producer or executive producer, put that information prominently at the top of your proposal.

Commissioners are always looking for new experts or presenters that they can develop to be the face of their channel.

If you are pitching an idea around new onscreen talent, it can therefore make your proposal more attractive.

In this instance, add a paragraph about their credentials and be prepared to show a talent tape when you pitch.

Step-by-step, it demystifies the tv development and commissioning process.

Each chapter is stuffed with case studies, practical tips, resource lists, sample proposals and exercises designed to boost your skills and help you develop your own commission-winning ideas.

Read it straight through for a master class in development and commissioning, or dip in to specific chapters when you need a refresher.

I do not have much access to internet but i can download from my emails.

Your format needs to be offer something new or different.

Prepare to pitch your idea the first week back.

I am about to submit my t.

I only wish this book had been around when i started in the industry.

Concept papers generally serve the purpose of providing in-depth discussion of a topic that the writer has a strong position on, usually with the intent of obtaining funding for that project from donors.

In addition to providing guidance for implementation of a program, a concept paper could also discuss best practices, philosophies and other related issues that the writer believes action should be taken on in the near future.

In the cases where the concept paper is written with the intent of receiving funding, most grantors publish guidelines that instruct the writers on how to write the concept paper that they will consider funding.

Despite the individual guidelines that may be published, the format and many of the key elements are consistent between organizations.

Therefore, it is suggested that writers develop boilerplates or standard templates of concept papers that they can personalize and submit based on specific guidelines.

This practice eliminates the extra time added to the process by completely starting a new concept paper from the beginning each time.

For concept papers that are used more as an instructional or educational tool, the format may be similar with the exception of the exclusion of charts, graphs or budgets that may be geared toward the solicitation of funding.

There are steps to concept paper writing that are universal and can be applied in most situations in order to develop the boilerplate.

First and probably most important, the writer must ensure that the mission, requirements, funding patterns and other specific information about the target grantor or audience match with those of the organization or individual project in need of funding or assistance.

Grantors are very specific about what types of organizations and projects they do and do not fund so, it is important to understand that thoroughly in advance to avoid wasting time.

Third, the writer must develop a list of references that discuss the model to which the project will be directed.

Fourth, there should be a budget developed for the project, if applicable.

This would include all billable costs associated with planning and executing the project.

Whether the concept paper is for the purpose of obtaining funding or merely for the purpose of conveying information, a budget may be necessary if there are costs and resources associated with the project, such as hours devoted to research and information gathering.

The fifth step could entail obtaining the necessary approvals by individuals authorized to do so prior to submission.

In the case of a purely informational concept paper, this may be committee input.

This step may occur much earlier in the process.

March 7, 2019
by @qweccc77
0
10
Show more