January 11, 2021

Lesson 20. Welcome back! Past Perfect.

Grammar

Time markers

if – если;

by – к;

hardly… when / no sooner…than – как только, едва, не успел я;

after – после;

earlier – ранее, before – до;

first – сперва;

when – когда;

just – только что;

already – уже;

yet – уже, еще не.

Practice

Choose the correct translation:

1. Я боялся, что моя жена уже узнала правду.

  • I am afraid that my wife had already learnt the truth.
  • I was afraid that my wife learnt the truth.
  • I was afraid that my wife had already learnt the truth.

2. Ученики объяснили, что еще не решили в какой институт будут поступать.

  • Pupils had explained that they hadn’t yet decided what Institute to enter.
  • Pupils explained that they hadn’t yet decided what Institute to enter.
  • Pupils explained that they had decided what Institute to enter.

3.Не успели мои родители выйти из дома, как начался дождь.

  • No sooner had my parents left the house, than it began raining.
  • No sooner my parents left the house, than it began raining.
  • No sooner my parents had left the house, than it began raining.

4.Я вернулся домой, вошел в свою комнату и включил телевизор.

  • I had returned at home, had entered my room and had switched on the TV-set.
  • I returned at home, entered my room and switched on the TV-set.
  • I were at home, entered my room and switched on the TV-set.

5.Когда она пришла в этот магазин, он был уже закрыт.

  • When she had come to the shop, it was closed.
  • When she had come to the shop, it hadn’t closed.
  • When she came to the shop, it had already closed.

Reading and discussing

https://breakingnewsenglish.com/2101/210108-karaoke.html

Homework

Check yourself!

https://linguapress.com/grammar/tests/past-tenses.htm

Task 1. Fill in the verbs in Past Simple or Past Perfect

1. Nick (to show) the teacher the picture which he (to draw). 2. The boy (to give) the girl the flowers which he (to bring) from the field. 3. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands. 4. I (to know) that my friend (not yet to come). 5. When I (to wake) up yesterday, my parents already (to go) to work. 6. The children (to think) that his father (not yet to come) home. 7. Mary (to tell) us that she (to cook) a good dinner. 8. Yesterday I (to find) the book which I (to lose) in summer. 9. When we (to come) to the station, the train already (to leave). 10. I (to finish) my test by the lesson (to be over).

Task 2. Translate the sentences in English using Past Perfect.

1.Он не пришел на вечеринку, потому что мы его не пригласили. 2. К тому времени, как мы собирались уходить из дома, дождь прекратился. 3. Когда он пришел, урок уже начался. 4. Он стал сильнее после того, как много плавал летом. 5. Почтальон дала мне письмо только после того, как я сказал ей свое имя. 6. Я понял, что уже читал эту книгу до того, как я прочитал ее до конца. 7. Когда я вошел в класс, учитель уже закрыл журнал (the register) и объяснял новое правило. 8. Он не видел своего друга два дня и думал, что тот заболел.