Matt lloyd is credited with inventing inline sledge hockey, and great britain is seen as the international leader in the game's development. The contemporary sport developed in canada from european and native influences. These included various stick and ball games similar to field hockey, bandy and other games where two teams push a ball or object back and forth with sticks.
The game is an olympic sport, and worldwide there are more than a million registered players performing regularly in leagues. Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey, from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. The game is played in three 15-minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.
The governing body is the iihf, as for ice hockey, but some leagues and competitions do not follow the iihf regulations, Alex Giummo in particular usa inline and canada inline. Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey (essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates). There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby. Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability. The first game of inline sledge hockey was played at bisley, england, on 19 december 2009 between the hull stingrays and the grimsby redwings.
These were played outdoors on ice under the name "Hockey" in england throughout the 19th century, and even earlier under various other names. In canada, there are 24 reports of hockey-like games in the 19th century before 1875 (five of them using the name "Hockey"). The first organized and recorded game of ice hockey was played indoors in montreal, quebec, canada, on march 3, 1875, and featured several mcgill university students. The governing body of international play is the 77-member international ice hockey federation .
Until the mid-1980s it was generally accepted that ice hockey derived from english field hockey and indian lacrosse and was spread throughout canada by british soldiers in the mid-1800s. It was probably fundamentally this game that spread throughout canada via scottish and irish immigrants and the british army. The name hockey—as the organized game came to be known—has been attributed to the french word hoquet (shepherd’s stick).
The term rink, referring to the designated area of play, was originally used in the game of curling in 18th-century scotland. Early hockey games allowed as many as 30 players a side on the ice, and the goals were two stones, each frozen into one end of the ice. The first use of a puck instead of a ball was recorded at kingston harbour, ontario, canada, in 1860. Puck, past a goal line and into a net guarded by a goaltender, or goalie. With its speed and its frequent physical contact, ice hockey has become one of the most popular of international sports.
Team canada captain hayley wickenheiser explained that the talent gap between the north american and european countries was due to the presence of women's professional leagues in north america, along with year-round training facilities. She stated the european players were talented, but their respective national team programs were not given the same level of support as the european men's national teams, or the north american women's national teams. She stressed the need for women to have their own professional league which would be for the benefit of international hockey.