Laws of Perception

These words were condensed in December 2019 in Ukraine.


  1. Difference may be detected.
  2. Detection of a difference makes a signal.
  3. Signals are interpreted. Interpretation measures a signal on a scale. A scale may be a spectrum with at least one boundary, or an axis with an origin, or a dictionary.
  4. Interpreting a signal makes a value. A permutation of values also makes a value.
  5. Value makes an intention, or increases strength of an intention.
  6. Intentions have strengths. Strengths of intentions decay over time unless increased by values. Once an intention is weaker than an arbitrary threshold, it disappears.
  7. Intention stronger than an arbitrary threshold makes an action.
  8. Action makes a difference.
  9. Scales for interpretation may be chosen arbitrarily.
  10. Scales of the same kind but with different boundaries, or origin, or values, are different scales.
  11. Set of scales makes an optic.
  12. Variety and breadth of an optic make its resolution. That is to say, optics with less variety and breadth have lower resolution; optics with more variety and breadth have higher resolution.
  13. If no scale from an optic measures a signal (regardless of why), then interpreting the signal through the optic yields no value.
  14. Detector always detects difference, but only within its medium, scope and capacity (regardless of how they are defined). A detector has one and only one medium.
  15. Agent may interpret signals from its detectors through optics, accumulate intentions and act upon them. An agent has at least one detector. Agents may have any amount of optics. Agents may act in the mediums of their detectors.
  16. Set of agents makes a perception, as long as the mediums of some (but not necessarily all) of detectors are shared between some (but not necessarily all) of agents in the set.
  17. One agent, too, makes a perception (albeit an isolated one).
  18. Thus, a set of perceptions may make a perception.