A forward collision warning system is an active safety feature that warns a driver in the event of imminent frontal collision. When the vehicle comes too close to another vehicle in front of it, a visual and audible signal occurs to alert the driver to the situation. It is also known as pre-crash system or collision mitigation system. It utilized radar and sometimes laser (LIDAR) and camera to detect an imminent crash.
Demand for forward collision warning system is rising due to the increasing concern of society toward safety and forward collision system comes by default in the autonomous vehicles. The forward collision warning system market is estimated to expand at a remarkable pace due the automation of the automotive industry. Several automotive manufacturers are providing this feature even in small segmented cars in order to reduce the number of road accidents.
The forward collision warning system market can be segmented based on the warning systems used, reaction of the warning system, placement of the system in the vehicle, type of manufacturer, type of the vehicle, and region.
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Based on the warning system used, the forward collision system market can be categorized into radar, LIDAR, and camera. In a radar warning system (Radio detection and ranging) technology, radio waves are used to measure the distance from the other vehicle or any hurdle in the way. In LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology, a laser emits an infrared laser beam from the hood of the vehicle, which reflects off another vehicle and allows the distance between the two vehicles to be measured. Camera warning systems work differently than radar and laser warning systems. Instead of relying on Doppler Shift readings or reflections, this forward collision warning system has a camera mounted on the front of the vehicle and an electronic image-processor. The camera and image-processor are used to determine the risk of frontal collision.