Dialysis is a technique used to remove waste products, such as urea and creatinine, from the blood due to inappropriate functioning of kidney and is usually required for people suffering from chronic renal failure. This procedure is required during the treatment of end-stage renal disease and kidney transplant. In this procedure, the blood is purified, excess fluid and toxins are removed, and electrolyte balance is restored in the blood. Dialysis is carried out in two ways, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In hemodialysis, waste products, such as urea, are removed extra corporeally from the blood of the person. In peritoneal dialysis, the peritoneum in the abdomen is used for dialysis.
Based on type, it is bifurcated into hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is categorized into conventional hemodialysis, short daily hemodialysis, and nocturnal hemodialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is further classified into continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). Based on products & services, it is divided into equipment, consumables, drugs, and services.
The key players operating in the global dialysis market include Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGaA, Baxter International, Inc., DaVita Inc., Nipro Corporation, B. Braun Avitum AG, Diaverum Deutschland GmbH., Nikkiso Co. Ltd., NxStage Medical, Inc., Asahi Kasei Corporation, and Medicators