TINGLASH 4-BO'LIM: Belgilarni joylashtirish

Imo-ishora tili - bu tinglovchilarga aytilganlarni to'g'ri yo'naltirish uchun foydalanadigan so'z va iboralar.

Bu nima bo'lganini va bundan keyin nima sodir bo'lishini aniqlash uchun ishlatiladi.

Shunday qilib, boshqacha qilib aytganda, tinglovchi sizning aytganlaringizga amal qilishlari uchun qo'llanma vazifasini bajaradi.

Nega bu IELTS uchun muhim?

Tinglashning 4-qismida siz akademik sharoitda, masalan, universitetdagi nutqni tinglashingiz kerak.

Odatda bu professorning ma'ruzasi, talabaning taqdimoti yoki universitet xodimining nutqi. Shunday qilib, bu erda signal belgilaridan foydalanish mumkin.

Ushbu dars IELTSning 4-bo'limida ma'ruzani tinglashga yordam beradi, ammo taqdimot yoki nutq bir xil yoki o'xshash bo'lishi mumkin.

Agar sizga yo'l-yo'riq berish uchun ishlatiladigan til turini bilsangiz, bu sizga ma'ruzani tinglashga yordam beradi.

Agar tinglash qobiliyatingiz kuchliroq bo'lmasa, bu juda muhimdir, chunki qaerda ekanligingizni bilmasangiz osongina calg’ib ketasiz.

Shuningdek, ma'ruzani ikki qismga bo'lish mumkin (masalan, ushbu ma'ruzaning 4-bo'limiga qarang).

Ehtimol, ushbu ikki bo'lim ma'ruzachining nutqini, ya'ni ikki qismga ajratadigan qismlarga mos kelishi mumkin. Keyin ma'ruza tuzilishini va ma'ruzachining ikkinchi qismga o'tishlarini aytadigan tilni bilish sizni qaerda ekanligingizni kuzatishga yordam beradi.

Ushbu darsda biz ko'rib chiqadigan imo-ishora tili bu ma'ruza mavzulari va bo'limlarini tanishtiradigan so'zlar va iboralar.

Ma'ruzani belgilash tiliga misollar

Ushbu jadvalda ma'ruzaning umumiy mavzusi va mazmunini ko'rsatadigan va ma'ruzaning turli bo'limlari muhokama qilinadigan asosiy tillarning ayrimlari keltirilgan.

Jadvalda nutqning tugashini bildiradigan signal belgisi mavjud. Ammo siz buni IELTS imtihonlarida eshita olmaysiz, chunki tinglashning 4-qismi atigi 4-5 daqiqani tashkil etadi, chunki siz odatda ma'ruza yoki taqdimotning birinchi qismini eshitasiz.

Shuni yodda tutingki, bularni aytishda turli xil usullar mavjud, shuning uchun siz eshitgan narsalar boshqacha aytilishi mumkin.

Signposting Examples: Purpose – Signpost Language

Introducing the topic of the lecture

• Today we are going to talk about…

• The topic of today’s lecture is…

• This morning we are going to take a look at…

• Today I’ll be talking about / discussing...

• What I’m going to be talking about today is…

• The purpose of today’s lecture is…

• The subject/topic of my talk is ...

Explaining the lecture structure (sections / subtopics)

• In today’s lecture I’m going to cover three points.

• I’m going to divide this talk into three parts.

• First we’ll look at….. Then we’ll go on to … And finally I’ll…

Introducing the first section / subtopic or first of a list of points

• Let’s start by talking about...

• To begin,…

• Firstly,…

• I’ll start with,…

• The first advantage / reason / cause etc. is...

Finishing a section

• We've looked at...

• I’ve talked about….

Starting a new section

• Let’s move on to…

• Now, let’s turn to…

• And I’d now like to talk about…

• The next / second …

• I'd like now to discuss...

• The next issue/topic/area I’d like to focus on …

To signal the end of the talk / Summing up

• To sum up, …

• So it is clear from what we have discussed today that…

• I'd like now to recap...

• Let's summarise briefly what we've looked at...

• In conclusion, …

• To summarise, …

• In summary, …

• Overall, …

• The three main points are …

Amaliyot

Ushbu ma'ruzaning boshlanishini tinglang. Belgilash qaysi yo’l bilan ishlatilgan?

Shuning uchun bu erda "Bugun men nima haqida gaplashmoqchiman ...", "men ushbu nutqni uch qismga ajratmoqchiman", "Boshlash uchun, .. kabi iboralar yoki so'zlarni tinglashingiz va aniqlab olishingiz kerak. ." va boshqalar.

Muallif: Iskandar Ulug'bekovich

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