Microbiology is referred to as a branch of medical science which deals with deals with the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of infectious diseases. Additionally, this scientific research field examines several clinical applications of microbes for health improvement. The four different types of microorganisms that are known for causing infectious disease are viruses, parasites, fungi, and bacteria, and one is an infection protein known as prion. The branch of microbiology investigates the features of pathogens, transmission modes, and infection and growth mechanism. With the help of this type of information, new treatment and diagnosis methods can be devised. Medical microbiologists also act as consultants for physicians or doctors in order to identify the pathogens and suggest options for treatment. Other tasks comprise theidentification of possible health risks to the public and watching the evolution of possibly virulent or resilient strains of microbes, spreading awareness among the community and supporting in the design of health practices.
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Rapid microbiological tests role in assisting in managing low respiratory tract infection is debatable. Many physicians would deny that therapeutic decisions are aided with rapidly provided accurate information about a causative pathogen. Unfortunately, the skill of microbiology laboratories to accomplish a service is inhibited by the limits of traditional diagnostic tests. Culture-based methodologies might be a bit slower and may often be sensitive, might not be able to distinguish between colonization and infection, and might also be influenced by earlier antimicrobial usage. Serological tests are also slow at times and poorly sensitive and specific. Moreover, in many cases, an etiological diagnosis is not made in spite of the best efforts. As a result, several authoritative rules on the administrative of community acquired pneumonia among adults that do not support the daily complete microbiological tests except in some situations.
Rapid microbiology tests accelerate the identification of a microorganism triggering a symptomatic infection and thus aid in the selection of approaches regarding its removal. Rapid diagnosis of a contagion with accuracy allows patient for primary instigation of a therapy and employment of suitable infection control measures. Such tests also decrease severance of un-required diagnostic testing and treatment. Existing rapid microbiology tests comprise several genomic testing methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technologies, nucleic acid hybridization, and nucleic acid sequencing. These tests are extremely subtle and precise in nature and deliver accurate outcomes.
The key companies in the marker are Quidel Corporation, Sysmex Corporation, Thermo-Fisher Scientific Inc., Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc., Gen-Probe Inc., Bio-Rad Laboratories, Becton Dickinson, and Abbott Laboratories among others.