January 4, 2021


Return on Investment (ROI) and Return on Equity (ROE) are also indices of investment success and profitability. A great ROI or ROE is more substantial. What more can we learn about them beyond that?

Investment Return

Return on real estate investment calculates how much income or benefit is made on Dubai Investment Real Estate as a proportion of the overall expense, which in turn reveals how well you have spent your money.

ROI is a term used in accounting, representing the amount of money spent that is recovered after all related costs are excluded. It may sound overwhelming to the non-accountant, but the formula can be explained as follows:

ROI = (Revenue-Operational expenses) / Overall cost of land


  • Revenue-Total revenue created over the duration by property
  • Operational costs: expenditures incurred on sales production (maintenance, insurance, management, etc.)
  • The total cost of land-Total cash expended on buying specific property, plus all actual money spent on paying for a property's price, transfer costs, agent fees, etc.

ROI is often confused with Yield by humans. To make it clear, please remember that Yield is the amount measured as the annual rent divided by the property price. It does not consider any running cost (maintenance, utility charges) to generate the rent or other costs charged during the buying properties in Dubai (DLD fees, agent fees).

For instance, expect a property to be gained for AED 1,000,000 by paying an exchange charge of AED 40,580 and an AED 21,000 (counting VAT) organization expense. For AED 70,000 p.a., the same land is leased out. AED 15,000 and AED 1,500 out of pocket repairs to repair air conditioning with the user contributing community service costs.

On the basis of the above, we understand:

  • Revenue = 60,000 AED per year
  • Operating costs = AED 16,500 (AED 15,000 + AED 1,500)
  • Complete cost of land = 1,061,580 AED (1,000,000 AED + 40,580 AED + 21,000 AED)
  • ROI = (70,000 AED-16,500 AED) / 1,061,580 AED = 5%
  • Earnings = AED 70,000 / AED 1,000,000 = 7%

The above example indicates that an ordinary investor will make 5 percent of his investment per annum, and it will take around 20 years to recover his cash.

For the lifetime of the house, i.e., once it is resold, ROI can be estimated. It is appropriate to change any premium or loss generated from the resale against sales in this situation.

For an investor, what is a decent ROI?

What one investor sees as a "healthy" ROI might not be suitable for another. ROI varies from construction to neighborhood, from residential to industrial and retail properties. It is a measure of property efficiency and allows comparing multiple choices for investment. In turn, investors should consider the highest ROI relative to market benchmarks, but bear in mind that higher ROI could entail higher risks at the same time.

Equity Return

Another basic calculation for estimating how much benefit you make from investing in property is ROE. However, ROE recognizes only the actual hard cash (equity) expended on buying land, unlike ROI.

Let us retake the above example, but say that an investor received from the developer a 5-year payment schedule and originally spent just 20 percent, with an additional 20 percent in payments per year. The other factors will be kept the same by us.

In this scenario, we have:

  • Revenue = 60,000 AED per year
  • Operating costs = AED 16,500 (AED 15,000 + AED 1,500)
  • AED 261,580 (AED 200,000 + AED 40,580 + AED 21,000) Net Equity Invested
  • ROE = (70,000 AED-16,500 AED) / 261,580 AED = 20.5 percent
  • Earnings = AED 70,000 / AED 1,000,000 = 7%

As you see from the illustration, you generated 20.5% during the first year using just AED 261,580, compared to 5% caused by investing AED 1,061,580. Which can you pick? The supreme one, I assume.

Let us fast forward three years now. You paid 60% of the property's value on schedule and the value of the property appreciated by 10%, while you chose to resell only before the 4th payment installment was due.

So, what we're got now:

Overall Revenue:

  • Resale Revenue = AED 100,000 (10% of the value of the property)
  • 3 Years of Rent = AED 210,000 (without change)
  • Complete revenue = 310,000 AED (resale + rent)

Expenses on Operations:

  • Service Charges for 3 years = AED 49,500 (AED 16,500 x 3 years)
  • Maintenance = 3,500 AED (only assumption)
  • Complete costs of operations = AED 53,000
  • ROE= (310,000 AED-53,000 AED) / 600,000 AED= 42.83 percent

We generated a 42.83 percent return on our equity investment as per the above estimate, meaning each invested AED 100 generated an extra AED 42.83 within 36 months, or 14.27 percent per annum (42.83 percent / 36 months x 12 months).

Bear in mind that an interest-free installment option by the developer is included in the above estimate. The interest should be considered part of the annual running expense if you pay for a bank mortgage. Plus, the more you pay back the debt, the higher the amount of equity deposited so that you can recalculate the figures accordingly.

The kind of equation do you consider?

Like any other financial metric, ROI and ROE are useful for comparing various investment options, selecting the best one (highest return on invested capital), or analyzing your property investment performance. There may be a contrast between 2 assets or the industry benchmarks provided in "annual return" formats. Therefore, you should note that the estimates should be annualized.

As you saw, ROI works chiefly with flawless, fixed numbers, while ROE is more unique and requires consistent updates when factors (value speculation, interest, credit reimbursements) are refreshed.

Both of these measurements should be a piece of your exploration weapons store while thinking about speculations. These little rate pointers can be reliable markers of speculation productivity utilized together and accurately. By using one equation and overlooking the other, you may miss some critical data.