Route Of Administration Some fish pathogens may be more common in or adapted to a given species, genus, or family; however, many are ubiquitous and have broad host ranges. Environmental factors, including type of rearing system and production method, influence pathogen variety and prevalence within a given unit and facility. Many pathogens can infect fish regardless of rearing system and production method, but the following sections describe pathogens that may be more problematic under certain conditions.
Most production ponds are outdoor and earthen (dirt or clay lined) and, over time, become high in organic loading as a consequence of feeding, fish growth, waste accumulation, and other related processes. In Florida, smaller ponds facilitate periodic cleaning, whereas much larger catfish ponds in the southeast are logistically much more difficult to clean.
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Bacterial and viral diseases are also much more problematic in RASs, partly because microbial flora can be much less diverse and skewed than in more natural pond systems. Mycobacteriosis and streptococcosis have caused significant morbidity and mortality in RASs, which can favor their growth, amplification, and formation of reservoirs. Certain environmental conditions promote mycobacterial growth, including warm water temperatures, low dissolved oxygen levels, acidic pH, high soluble zinc, high fulvic acid, and high humic acid. Many of these conditions—especially the low dissolved oxygen, low pH, and an organically rich environment—are present in intensive aquaculture systems. Closed conditions and higher stocking densities enhance the potential for spread and amplification. Biofilms on the tanks, in pipework, and in filtration systems, as well as organics, inaccessible or overlooked mortalities, and detritus, can serve as reservoirs.
The vaccine is used to establish or improve the immunity against a specific disease or group of diseases. In aquaculture practices, there is always a chance of pathogenic outbreaks, which will affect the production of the farm. Aquaculture vaccines are used to protect the fishes from any pathogen.
Vaccine Type :- Activated Vaccines, Live Vaccines, DNA Vaccines
Application :- Bacterial Infections, Viral infections, Fungal Infections, Parasitic Infections
Species Type :- Sturgeon, Trout, Seabass, Carp, Salmon, Other Species Type
Route Of Administration :- Injection Vaccination, Immersion Vaccination, Spray Vaccination, Oral Vaccination
Aquaculture Vaccines industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides overview and forecast of the global aquaculture vaccines market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from year 2017 to 2027 with respect to five major regions, namely; North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South & Central America. The aquaculture vaccines market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.
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