June 9, 2020

Years and movies: 1935

What is associated with the word "Bounty" in Russia? Most citizens, especially the youngest and even the smallest, have a chocolate bar. Older people will surely recall the 1984 film with Mel Gibson and Anthony Hopkins, which is called "The Bounty". Even older viewers will recall the 1962 film "Mutiny on the Bounty" with Marlon Brando, and perhaps only moviegoers will remember the 1935 film "Mutiny on the Bounty" directed by Frank Lloyd with Charles Laughton and Clark Gable starring.

And only experts in the field of world cinema will probably say that about the rebellion on the Bounty two films were shot earlier in Australia: in 1916 and in 1933 with Errol Flynn.

But out of all 5 adaptations, Frank Lloyd's film has the highest audience rating. And it is the only one out of five which won the Oscars. Due to these circumstances, this film, according to the version of FilmGourmand, was recognized as the best film of world cinema of the 1935th year. True, this rating was not enough to enter the Golden Thousand.

For those who may not have seen any of the above film adaptations, let’s say that all these films describe a real historical event of 1789, when the crew of the British Royal Navy ship “Bounty”, located in Tahiti, let's say, was morally decomposed under the influence of lovely islanders and raised a riot on the ship.

Among the best films of the 35th year in addition to "Mutiny on the Bounty"according to FilmGourmand included:

- Top Hat by Mark Sandrich
- The 39 Steps by Alfred Hitchcock
- The Bride of Frankenstein by James Whale
- Captain Blood by Michael Curtiz
- A Night at the Opera by Sam Wood and Edmund Goulding
- Roberta by William A. Seiter
- G' Men by William Keighley
(all made in the USA)
and Cosmic Journey by Vasily Zhuravlyov made in the USSR

10 most "cinegenic"*, in our opinion, events of 1935:

- The militarization of Germany. In violation of the terms of the Versailles Peace, Hitler announced the revival of the German army. In Germany, universal conscription is declared. secretly from its allies (France and Italy), the United Kingdom concluded a maritime agreement with Germany, according to which, in violation of the Versailles peace, Germany was allowed to have a navy not exceeding 35% of the British fleet.

- He-Umezu Agreement. The Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, in order to prevent the strengthening of the position of the Communists in the country, concluded a secret agreement with Japan, He-Umezu, under which Japan gained full control over Northern China. This decision of Chiang Kai-shek caused a storm of indignation among the Chinese population. And, of course, led to the strengthening of the authority of the pro-communist forces.

- Selling CERW. The USSR sold the Chinese Eastern Railway (CERW) to the puppet state of Manchukuo for 140 million yen (equivalent to the current $ 790.5 million).

- The Italian army invades Ethiopia. After the provocation in the Welwel region at the end of its 34th year with almost impunity, the Italian army under the command of Pietro Badoglio began a full-scale invasion of Ethiopia. The Second Italo-Ethiopian War began.

- Death of Hachiko. In Japan, after 9 years of waiting for the owner, professor of the University of Tokyo, Hidesaburo Ueno, the faithful dog Hachiko died at the place of separation - at the Shibuya railway station (Tokyo area).

- The murder of Huey Long. Senator Huey Long, one of the most successful American politicians of the 1930s, intending to run for president of the United States, was mortally wounded in the United States in Baton Rouge.

- Armed uprising in Brazil. In response to the ban by the government of the National Liberation Front, left-wing forces in Brazil launched an armed uprising against President Vetulio Vargas.

- Earthquake in Quetta. An earthquake occurred in Baluchistan (present-day Pakistan) near the city of Quetta, which killed 20 to 40 thousand people. The city of Quetta was completely destroyed.

- Paraguay's victory in the Chaco War. The war between Paraguay and Bolivia for the possession of the oil-bearing region of Gran Chaco, which began in 1932 and became the bloodiest in the history of Latin America in the twentieth century, ended with the victory of Paraguay. Among the command of the Bolivian army were 120 German emigrant officers (among them the commander of the Bolivian army, Hans Kundt), while the Paraguayan army served 80 former White Guard officers who emigrated from Russia (including two white generals - I. T. Belyaev and N.F. Ern); both those and others at one time participated in the First World War.

- Preparing for the "Great Terror". In the Soviet Union, Stalin, using as a pretext the assassination of his closest ally, Sergei Kirov, began to crack down on his opponents and rivals. This is not yet the Great Terror. This is a kind of reconnaissance in battle. And about the good: the first stations of the Moscow metro were opened, on the eve of the new, 1936, the Soviet people were officially allowed to decorate the New Year tree, which was prohibited since the October Revolution of 1917.

Besides Woody Allen, Lyudmila Gurchenko, Bibi Andersson were born

*-By "cinegenic" in the present context, we mean events that either have already been reflected in world cinema, or deserve to be the basis of the plot of a future film.