What is associated with the word "Bounty" in Russia? Most citizens, especially the youngest and even the smallest, have a chocolate bar. Older people will surely recall the 1984 film with Mel Gibson and Anthony Hopkins, which is called "The Bounty". Even older viewers will recall the 1962 film "Mutiny on the Bounty" with Marlon Brando, and perhaps only moviegoers will remember the 1935 film "Mutiny on the Bounty" directed by Frank Lloyd with Charles Laughton and Clark Gable starring.
And only experts in the field of world cinema will probably say that about the rebellion on the Bounty two films were shot earlier in Australia: in 1916 and in 1933 with Errol Flynn.
But out of all 5 adaptations, Frank Lloyd's film has the highest audience rating. And it is the only one out of five which won the Oscars. Due to these circumstances, this film, according to the version of FilmGourmand, was recognized as the best film of world cinema of the 1935th year. True, this rating was not enough to enter the Golden Thousand.
For those who may not have seen any of the above film adaptations, let’s say that all these films describe a real historical event of 1789, when the crew of the British Royal Navy ship “Bounty”, located in Tahiti, let's say, was morally decomposed under the influence of lovely islanders and raised a riot on the ship.
So, the best film of 1935 was a film about the events of the end of the 18th century. And what happened in the world in this 1935th year?
Since we started with a story about the British Royal Navy, we will continue this topic. In 1935, secretly from its allies (France and Italy), the United Kingdom concluded a maritime agreement with Germany, according to which, in violation of the Versailles peace, Germany was allowed to have a navy not exceeding 35% of the British fleet. This is - to questions, first, about respect in Europe, the so-called international law, and, secondly, about who indulged the militaristic aspirations of Nazi Germany.
And what about Germany? In violation of the terms of the Versailles Peace, Hitler announced the revival of the German army. In Germany, universal conscription is declared.
And in France, neighboring Germany, in one of its provinces - Saarland - a referendum was held. For 15 years since the end of World War I, this province was under the democratic control of the League of Nations. The basis of the provincial economy - coal mines - belonged to democratic France. And in Germany, the Nazi dictatorship ruled with might and main. And, nevertheless, in this referendum more than 90% of the votes were cast for reunification with Germany. Saar came under German control.
Italy, after its provocation in the Welwel region at the end of its 34th year with almost impunity, began a full-scale invasion of Ethiopia.
The Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, in order to prevent the strengthening of the position of the Communists in the country, concluded a secret agreement with Japan, He-Umezu, under which Japan gained full control over Northern China. This decision of Chiang Kai-shek caused a storm of indignation among the Chinese population. And, of course, led to the strengthening of the authority of the pro-communist forces.
In Japan, after 9 years of waiting for the owner, professor of the University of Tokyo, Hidesaburo Ueno, the faithful dog Hachiko died at the place of separation - at the Shibuya railway station (Tokyo area).
Senator Huey Long, one of the most successful American politicians of the 1930s, intending to run for president of the United States, was mortally wounded in the United States in Baton Rouge.
In Brazil, an armed uprising of leftist forces against President Vetulio Vargas took place.
In the Soviet Union, Stalin, using as a pretext the assassination of his closest ally, Sergei Kirov, began to crack down on his opponents and rivals. This is not yet the Great Terror. This is a kind of reconnaissance in battle. And about the good: the first stations of the Moscow metro were opened, on the eve of the new, 1936, the Soviet people were officially allowed to decorate the New Year tree, which was prohibited since the October Revolution of 1917.
Among the best films of the 35th year in addition to "Mutiny on the Bounty"according to FilmGourmand included:
- Top Hat by Mark Sandrich
- The 39 Steps by Alfred Hitchcock
- The Bride of Frankenstein by James Whale
- Captain Blood by Michael Curtiz
- A Night at the Opera by Sam Wood and Edmund Goulding
- Roberta by William A. Seiter
- G' Men by William Keighley
(all made in the USA)
and Cosmic Journey by Vasily Zhuravlyov made in the USSR
That's what 1935 marked in history and in cinema.