June 16, 1960 in New York (USA) the premiere of the film "Psycho" was held. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
The film is based on the novel “Psycho” by Robert Bloch (1959). The basis of the novel by Robert Bloch formed on the real facts about Ed Gein. Both Gein and the film’s protagonist, Norman Bates, were lone killers in isolated rural areas. Both were heavily influenced by the imperious mothers, both took the locked room as a sanctuary in their homes, both used to be dressed in women's clothes. However, unlike Bates, Gein, strictly speaking, was not considered a serial killer, since he was accused of only two murders. Also on the image of this maniac partially based the following films: "Frenzy" (1972), "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" (1974), "The Silence of the Lambs" (1990).
The film "Psycho" received 5 film awards and 14 nominations. However, all the awards received did not have particularly high significance and prestige, and of all the nominations, the most significant was the Oscar nomination for Alfred Hitchcock in the category of Best Director. In this nomination, the American Film Academy preferred Billy Wilder for the film "The Apartment". The same film also received the main Oscar - as the Best Picture.
However, financially, Hitchcock's film surpassed Wilder's. If "The Apartment" with a budget of 3 million dollars raised 24.6 million dollars, then “Psycho” with a budget of 806 thousand dollars earned 50 million dollars.
The film "Psycho" was highly praised by film critics. According to the site Rotten Tomatoes 95% of reviews of professional film critics were purely positive. Roger Ebert, who rated the film with 4 out of 4 possible stars and included it on his list of Great Films, wrote about the film in his review: "What makes "Psycho" immortal, when so many films are already half-forgotten as we leave the theater, is that it connects directly with our fears: Our fears that we might impulsively commit a crime, our fears of the police, our fears of becoming the victim of a madman, and of course our fears of disappointing our mothers."
The film was not shown in cinemas of the USSR. The official premiere in Russia took place in 1998, when most film fans and fans of Hitchcock have already watched this film on VHS.
78% of IMDB and Kinopoisk users gave this film a rating from 8 to 10.
Based on the aforementioned, the rating of the film "Psycho" according to FilmGourmand’s version is 8.4, and the film is 361st in the Golden Thousand.