Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of medical conditions that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract. The inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term which comprises two principal disorders: ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Bone substitute is defined as a synthetic, biologically organic, or inorganic combination which is used in the treatment of bone defects. Various bone substitutes have been used in the past 50 years. Bone substitutes are primarily categorized into ceramics (TCP, hydroxyapatite, and calcium sulfate), bone grafts (xenograft, autograft, and allograft), and growth factors (PRP, DBM, BMPs). Ideal properties of a bone substitute include biocompatibility, thermally nonconductive, sterilizable, and should not evoke any adverse inflammatory response. Additionally, it should be osteoconductive, osteoinductive, and resorbable.
Toxicology or toxicity, also known as ‘the science of poisons,’ is a method of testing the opposing effects of any drug, chemical or other agent administered in the body. It, thus, analyses the adverse effects of various toxins on all living organisms.
Cardiac stimulators or pacemakers are devices that deliver electrical impulses through electrodes to increase heart rate to normal levels. These devices normalize the heart rate in patients suffering from arrhythmias, especially bradycardia.
Epistaxis is a condition that results in uncertain nose bleeding from either of the nostrils. This clinical condition is usually classified as posterior epistaxis and anterior epistaxis based on the site where the bleeding originates. According to The New England Journal of Medicine, around 60% of people worldwide have faced epistaxis at least once during their lifetime, and out of these, 6% patients required medical treatment. The prevalence of Epistaxis is high in children less than 10 years of age and people over the age of 35 years.
Veterinary infectious disease diagnostics are tests that help in determining and identifying various disorders in animals. These procedures are performed via various methods that utilize their blood, feces, and tissue samples.
Mesh-like tube of thin wire without coating is termed as bare-metal stent. Bare-metal stents (BMSs) made up of materials such as stainless steel, cobalt-chromium alloy, and platinum chromium alloy are used to overcome dissection and restenosis complications caused by recoil. Increase in incedence cases of coronary artery diseases and subsequent rise in the number of PCI procedures, surge in the development of bioresorbable stents, and technological advancement fuel the growth of the global bare-metal stents market.
Infertility is the inability of a person to reproduce naturally. Female infertility is the inability of a woman to become pregnant and carry pregnancy to full term. It is the most common issue faced by couples trying to get conceived. The most commonly diagnosed causes of female infertility are issues with ovulation; hormonal imbalance; anatomical disorders of the reproductive system such as damage caused to the fallopian tubes, the uterus, or the cervix; overuse of alcohol or drugs; thyroid gland-associated issues; excessive weight; and stress.
Ocular implants are defined as surgically implanted artificial devices used to restore sharpness of vision after enucleation, evisceration, or orbital exenteration. The size, shape, and power of ocular implants depend on individual patient. Various nonintegrated and integrated materials including hydroxyapatite, Medpor, and bio-ceramic are used for ocular implants.
Disposable medical supplies consist of medical apparatuses, devices, or consumables used once or for a brief time in medical application. These supplies are an essential component in hospitals, as they save staff time and reduce health care related costs. Disposables medical supplies include bandages & wraps, drug tests disposables, exam gowns, face masks, gloves, suction catheters, surgical sponges, hypodermic needles, syringes, and applicators.