Battery is a cell or combination of cells that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. The aircraft system contains two battery systems—main battery and auxiliary power unit. The main battery is used during preflight for activation of aircraft electrical system and auxiliary power unit. The main battery provides backup power in case of emergencies. It is also used to refuel the plane. The batteries used must me reliable, low weighted, durable, and lower in maintenance. The Lithium ion batteries are used in both main and auxiliary power unit.
The global electric aircraft market is experiencing significant growth and will grow considerably in the next few years. Electric aircraft are powered by electric motors, in which the electricity is supplied via multiple methods including batteries, solar cells, fuel cells, power beaming, and ground power cables. Moreover, electric aircraft promise huge advantages in regards to degrade the issues of air and noise pollutions and harmful emissions. In addition, electric motors have low maintenance and operational costs. These potential benefits of electric aircraft make them more adoptable over fuel-based aircraft. Moreover, electric aircraft replace petrochemical consumption with cleaner, battery-powered electricity.
Air transport maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) deals with compliance to the safety instructions and airworthiness. It is highly regulated by enforcing stringent rules and regulations by the government for the operational functioning of the aircraft during the flight. It is one of the major expenditure by the airlines as MRO has been mandated by the International Civil Aviation Organization. The MRO sector needs further enhancements of skillsets and technicians, owing to increase in trend of digitization and rise in need for technological advancements to keep up with the industry trends.
Aircraft cabin interior is esthetics and structural form of ambience that a traveler will experiences. Its main purpose is to provide convenience and comfort to the passenger. In addition, the airlines are installing mood lighting, in-flight live screening, and new fiber seats that can be manually controlled by a remote control such as adjusting heat, pressure, tension, and movement by use of an app. The refurbishment of old fleet and attractive interior for new ones are in high demand changing the aircraft cabin interior market dynamics.
Aerospace maintenance chemicals are cleaners that are used for the operational proficiency of the aircraft. They are used as cleaning materials, paint removers, paint strippers, degreasers, and aircraft washers and polishers. For all commercial aircrafts the cleaners are used to keep them corrosion free and maintain hygienic conditions inside and outside.
Air traffic control equipment are the tools that are used for operational efficiency and safety purposes. The main purpose of this equipment is to maintain air traffic flow, avoid collision, coordinate in take-off and landing, and aid pilots whenever required. Airport authorities are compelled to improve the air traffic control systems and infrastructure in control center to minimize collision and reduce cost. With technological advancements and development in data processing, now state-of-the-art variants of equipment are available in the market. Air traffic control aids the air traffic controllers to monitor the speed, position, and altitude of aircrafts. The aviation legislations have mandated airport authorities to modernize and improve their air traffic control system.
Aviation deals with manufacturing, development, operation, and designing of aircraft. Aviation test equipment set the bar in the industry for aviation preservation. This equipment is employed for inspection, evaluation, and qualification testing of the aircraft. Aircraft instrumentation mechanisms comprise tachometer, inertial instruments, indicators/generators, pressure, gyroscopes, and sensitive devices. Some of the other functions of aviation test equipment are management of reporting, tests, and monitoring and memorizing results of the tests. This equipment aims to isolate failures, improve reliability and safety, reduce life-cycle cost, and advance testability. Regular maintenance of the aircraft is important to maintain its life span. There is a need to examine and replace parts, diagnose any electrical and mechanical problem, repair brakes, wings or any other part, test gauges, and inspect the work or process to maintain performance standard.
Human eye can see till a certain range of electromagnetic spectrum. Ranges such as infrared or light beams are unseen to human eyes without any aid. Thus, the night vision device comes into picture which, by its picture enhancement and thermal imaging helps see in dark. These night vision devices are highly optoelectronic equipment. This helps user to see in dark. It also provides multi-spectral imaging, optical directing, eye tracking, and others. They are used in aerial vehicles, ground defense, and marine containers. The night vision devices market is expected to experience growth owing to technological enhancement and high demand in defense. For civilian purpose, they are used for home security, camping, search, and rescue. With the rise in events such as terrorist attacks, trespassing, border protection, and counter actions, the army needs to operate at night leading to increase in demand for night vision devices in defense. There is integration of night vision devices with sensor technology done which results in better approximations with precision. This fusion technology enables the user to transmit data and images easily to the base center and collect the intelligence required in various actions.
Use of narcotic scanner has increased tenfold at train stations, airports, bus stations, and marine ports with increase in instances of drug trafficking in public area. Narcotics scanner can prevent such illegal movements and protect borders. Any delay in identification of such substances may result in huge loss. Thus, being proactive in looking for suspect and acting quickly in such situations and taking precautionary measures for the safety of people further drives the need for narcotic scanners. According to the World Drugs Report by United Nations Organization on Drugs and crimes, there has been an increase of 32% in drugs and substance abuse worldwide from 2006 to 2016. There was also a report regarding the seizure of 287 million methamphetamine tablets in East Asia.
Lighting systems are one of the key components of aircraft. Aircraft exterior lightings are subject to extreme conditions and thus need reliability. An aircraft is furnished with many kinds of lights serving their specific purpose whether it be safety, landing, or taking off or others. The exterior lights are tailored on aircrafts specifically with the purpose of visibility in dark areas and difficult weather. Exterior lights also help improve visibility for pilot in difficult phases and provides specific illumination. In low visibility area bright external lights help in seeing and being seen. The outer side of aircrafts is equipped with an array of different exterior lights such as safety lights, formation lights, search lights, and logo lights. Nowadays, airlines are using advanced lighting systems to increase client satisfaction, enhance infrastructure, and provide value-added services.