Deep brain stimulation is a device based therapy which involves implantation of electrodes within certain areas of the brain which produce electrical impulses. The amount of stimulation is controlled by a pacemaker-like device, which is placed in the upper chest. A wire connects this pacemaker-like device to the electrodes in the brain that travels under the skin. The deep brain stimulation devices are used for the treatment of dystonia, essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, stroke recovery, major depression and many others.
A restorative condition where blockage of veins causes' interference in the blood supply to the brain is called as stroke. Stroke can prompt the death of cerebrum cells or a person. A stroke is also called as a brain attack because it can occur quickly and needs immediate treatment. The incidence of stroke in the old age population is high, and it is one of the major causes of death in developed countries. According WHO estimates, stroke results in 17 million deaths annually. Also, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), strokes cause one out of every 20 deaths, with annual cost of around US$ 34 Bn in the U.S. Hence, it is necessary the early diagnosis and treatment management to restrict deaths from stroke. Steps of stroke management involves stroke prevention, and it leads to reduction in risk of recurrent strokes in patients.
Parkinson’s disease is a central nervous system syndrome which affects the motor neuron, mainly characterized by rigidity, tremor, depression, dementia, and so on. Treatment for this disease is mostly symptomatic and almost no curative treatment alternatives are available. Risk of Parkinson’s illness is expected to grow with age and the infection mainly affects individuals who are above 50 years. The major endeavor of the Parkinson’s illness treatment is to offer control on symptoms and signs, for instance, difficulty with walking, shakiness in hands, slowness of movement, and so on.
Neurostimulation is an electrical process of stimulating, inhibiting, modifying, regulating, and altering the activity in the central, autonomous or peripheral nervous system in the human body. Neurostimulation devices send electrical impulse near to the spine region wherein these signals block the pain signals from reaching the brain. These devices deliver electrical stimulation to the patient’s brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system. Neurostimulation devices are particularly used for the treatment of neurological disorders such as epilepsy, chronic pain, Parkinson’s disease, depression, and other diseases. Advancements in the neurological technologies is delivering relief to the patients affected by psychiatric and neurological disorders.