Kidney disease is one of the most common non communicable diseases which are prevalent in many countries including India. Not much of data is available on the actual number of patients who are suffering from kidney ailments, due to unavailability of any nationwide council to record and track, but based on few surveys done, it is expected that around 1% of total Indian population are suffering from one or the other kind of kidney related ailment of which around 0.50% would be those suffering from chronic disease. On an average it is said that a person on dialysis gets it done twice or thrice. The dialysis cost in India, total expenditure is around 4k-5 thousand per session so it will be around 12000/ month and 1.44 lakhs/ annum. This though one tenth the cost of what we have in many developed countries like US & UK but still many are unable to afford this also. The average cost of a renal transplant is somewhere in between 5lacs to 6Lacs in India with 10 days stay in the private hospital. A government hospital does it for around 3 to 4lacs. Not many fully government run programs are there in our country to support patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. There is approximately 1000+ nephrologist in India and with more and more new hospitals are coming up with Nephrology centre of excellence. Major contributor for kidney problems are diabetics, hypertension, contributing to around 50% of the kidney related patients.